They were pushed off their land by Americans migrating Westard. Littlefield found a number of parallels between the characters in the book and historically-significant political figures who lived during those times, and also identified themes and archetypes in the story that seemed to clearly relate to life and politics as they had been experienced in Gilded Age America. The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. She is akin to Everyman, or, in modern parlance, the girl next door. Lease, a fire-breathing Populist orator, was often referred to as the Kansas Cyclone, and the free-silver movement was often likened to a political whirlwind that had taken the nation by storm. Oz Author Never Championed Populism. Enough stirring adventure enters into it, however, to flavor it with zest, and it will indeed be strange if there be a normal child who will not enjoy the story.
In thesame way, the Wicked Witch of the West made an endto the Tin Woodman and the Scarecrow. Despite this, the Tinman is a reflection of the theist's depiction of the Atheist as cold-hearted. Gardner, Martin, and Russel B. Before that, I had no idea how to get out of this mess. Dorothy transports herself back to Kansas by clicking her silver shoes together three times. They were receiving less money for their goods. Of course, there is Dorothy on her sojourn through Oz, her silver shoes tinkling merrily on the hard, yellow, roadbed.
What wonder that a fiery rage still burned within his breast and that he should seek every opportunity of obtaining vengeance upon his natural enemies. On the way, the Cowardly Lion kills a giant spider who is terrorizing the animals in a forest. Bryan was never president, but he was a masterful politician and an aspirant to the White House. It took a very long time to organize and form the Farm workers Alliance. It is like a game of musical chairs, where someone has to lose out. These features of the story point to a more ambivalent result.
The Land of Oz is a utopia where there was color, flowers, beauty, and birds singing in the tree. Great Plains Quarterly 9: 203-15. Bibliographia Oziana: A Concise Bibliographical Checklist. Together, all four of them took the yellow brick road to Emerald City. While Dorothy has seen the myriad of colors that make the real world, she still has to live in one framed and molded by people who only think in black and white.
Bryan which rhymes with lion, a near homonym of lying was known for his roaring rhetoric and was occasionally portrayed in the press as a lion, as was the Populist Party itself. Less than two decades later in 1956, the sales of his novel had grown to three million copies in print. As editor of a small newspaper in Aberdeen, South Dakota, Baum had written on politics and current events in the late 1880s and early 1890s, a period that coincided with the formation of the Populist Party. The Winkies rejoice at being freed of the witch's tyranny and help restuff the Scarecrow and mend the Tin Woodman. As for the Scarecrow, having no brains he walked straight ahead, and so stepped into the holes and fell full length on the hard bricks. The Populists, who mainly focused on monetary reform as a way to create more equitable economic growth and opportunity, were mainly supported by farmers, small businessmen, and other powerless groups who suffered acutely during the boom-and-bust cycles that plagued the American economy throughout the post-Civil War era. Had not McKinley prompted by the wealthy industrialist Mark Hanna made the gold standard the centerpiece of his campaign against Bryan and free silver? In itself, however, this discovery proves nothing.
With Rockoff, the allegorical interpretation reached a peak of sophistication, yet its subsequent decline was no less precipitous than that of the Populist Party itself. Baum was well informed — he knew banks manipulated politicians and the people and commonly used deceit to fool them into submission. An allegory is not as limited as a symbol; it is a deeper, hidden meaning that is extended throughout the entire narrative or story. Dorothy summons the Winged Monkeys to carry her and Toto home, but they explain they cannot cross the desert surrounding Oz. The power of gold proves finite and illusory, and it requires the coexistence of silver bimetalism to sustain its power.
The Rise and Fall of the Wonderful Wizard of Oz as a Parable on Populism. Hence the silver slippers were extremely important in the book, as silver coin was in reality. The yellow brick road gold standard ,the Wicked Witch of the West Cleveland banker J. This appears to relate well with the fate of Native Americans who had been forced from their land by Americans migrating from the east. It is the policy of exploitation that the rich employ against the poor. She summons a swarm of black bees to sting them, but they are killed trying to sting the Tin Woodman while the Scarecrow's straw hides the other three.
The Monkey King admits to having engaged in a degree of mischief, but nothing to justify the harsh treatment the Monkeys received when Oz came out of the clouds to rule over this land. For Littlefield, Baums revelation appeared decisive. It was not unconstitutional when it went before the Supreme Court for the first time. The Rainbow The rainbow is a symbol of magic in the real world that implicitly extends a promise that there are other amazing things out there in the world to discover. Lots of roar and no bite.
What wonder that his wild nature, untamed by years of subjection, should still revolt? Their cumulative effect-not only in number, but in coherence-warrants a strong presumption that Baums fairy tale contains a conscious political subtext. For delivering the Queen from her enemy, the mice pledge obedience to the Tin Man. The postmortem on the symbolic reading of Baum soon followed. The 1939 has become a classic of popular culture, shown annually on American television from 1959 to 1991 and then several times a year every year beginning in 1999. Oz, Emerald City, and the Wacky Wizard The Land of Oz, with its varied landscape and diverse inhabitants, is a microcosm of America, and Emerald City, its center and seat of government, represents Washington, D. In 1890, Populist candidates began winning seats in state legislatures and Congress, and two years later Populists in Kansas gained control of the lower house of the state assembly, elected a Populist governor, and sent a Populist to the U.