This essay will examine both Socrates and Epicurus' views as to why death should not be feared, and will also express my personal opinion on which I found most convincing. In a dialogue between Crito and Socrates, Socrates ask Crito if we people could live. He mentions how shameful it is when men do not act as if death is the greatest evil and avoid it at all cost to integrity, honor, etc. It has always struck me as not much more than a mixture of cliche and bad reasoning. He recalls that it was only later that his actions were viewed favorably.
As might be imagined, as Moss notes in her book, most people in the modern Western world seem to regard dying well in a rather different way. . It is not the just who fears the law. We don't have to explain anything. Socrates refused to escape as Crito suggested because it was the will of the people for him to be put to death and to escape would be against the judgment of the people of Athens Crito 48e. Last of all I will show that although the argument presented by Socrates may have its shortcomings, it is ultimately a crucial step for Socrates in preserving his reputation and validating his life goals.
Let's say he was blind and deaf and felt no pain, then again at any point harm was done to him he would never know and if he somehow knew then it wouldn't be a case of something he didn't know harming him. English isn't my mother tongue, but Plato's style is much more conversational, casual and natural in the original. Here is the full quote. In regards to the state, he claims that he will obey the state, unless he is ordered to cease engaging in philosophy—he cannot accept that order. Bit how can this ever happen from a personal subjective perspective? You perhaps might be angry, like people awakened from a nap, and might slap me. Criticizing them at the last moment would make little sense. This, he claims, is the only reason he has lived to the ripe old age of seventy, since no man who acts in opposition to the state, however justly, can survive for long.
He denied it, because he was put in therebecause of the law and even though the law … may be wrong he stillhad to obey it. After he has received his sentence to death, Socrates relates to the court that through the entire proceeding, the oracle which has always monitored his speech and actions for the slightest error had not once bade him to cease. During the trial Socrates is accused of rejecting the gods of the city and creating his own, as well as corrupting the youth of Athens. Socrates believes death is either nothingness, or something involving an afterlife Plato, p. Not surprisingly, a similar view is held by the martyrs—at least as they are generally portrayed in the stories.
Such fates would presumably be something to fear. Why, while he agreed with these laws, and was even satisfied by these laws as Socrates praised the laws of Athenes in other dialogues , would they suddenly be wrong? When one has no reason to contemplate death because their life is not at risk, it is hard to determine if they will fear death when the time comes. He would challenge all the learned men in the city a … nd tried to get them to understand that they dont know anything. What would not a man give, O judges, to be able to examine the leader of the great Trojan expedition; or Odysseus or Sisyphus, or numberless others, men and women too! Why Socrates did not fear death Essay Sample Socrates has valid reasons to not fear death. So why do you ignore evidence and substitute your own presumptions? Studied at Edinburgh and at Oxford. This is because there are only 2 options when it comes to death and both of them are good. Moreover, Socrates lived in Athenes for 70 years, and never once in his lifetime did he criticize the laws, or broke them, while he had had the time to think about them.
Socrates was the first Philosopher to suggest that we attempt to understand the world in terms of abstract principles. Or, perhaps a better way to put it, a lack of fear. Socrates does not even worry about the world losing a great mind when he is dead. In conclusion, here are some words of wisdom concerning the fear of death. I read it a long time ago. Legal Reasoning is a reasonable reasoning before the decision had been made.
This argument will provide a means for Socrates to show his true devotion to philosophy by putting his own life on the line for his beliefs. Socrates had the choice to go into exile and , hence, give up his philosophic vocation or be sentenced to death by drinking hemlock. No one knows whether death may not even turn out to be one of the greatest blessings of human beings. Socrates was a gifted thinker who helped lay the foundation ofwestern philosophy. There is no other way to explain the business of soul-making. His name was Jacques Louis David. Premise 7 is therefore disproved as we would not consider these to be a blessing.
They probably think its old fashioned, old school, extreme, etc. Socrates would never put his own interest before the will of the people of Athens. Hence, with all these elements, should we really think that the life of one individual, is worth the destruction of the State, the taining of his name, etc. Socrates discusses the second possibility of death being nothing, and he expresses this as a dreamless sleep. This is important because it shows that Socrates was not hypocritical, but rather stood fast in his beliefs and methods of seeking the truth even under the most extreme circumstances. For which reason also, I am not angry with my accusers, or my condemners; they have done me no harm, although neither of them meant to do me any good; and for this I may gently blame them.