Had it been worth it? The decline of Rome was primarily due to three causes, two of which were mostly internal to Roman society. When the Olmec culture went into decline, it didn't disappear entirely. Why did the Maya,Aztec, and Inca civilizations collapse? Tactics The tactics of the Spanish army certainly played a role. Translated and edited by Doris Heyden. Hope the author of this artcle can be my frends and I can know more about the author.
These include in an episode of as well as in the series , with Cortés being portrayed by. The Aztec warrior commanders, unhappy at Motecuhzoma's passivity, overthrew him and set Cuitlahuac as the new tlatoani. Religion Factor 3 Alliances In my opinion the factor that had the most influence over the fall of the Aztec Empire was the alliances that the Spanish made with other tribes. The primary goal of the Conquistadors within the Americas was to locate vast quantities of gold and silver. Cortes also chose the harvest time to attack when he knew that the Aztec people were not well-prepared for war. Less successfully, the allies from Huexotzinco or Huejotzinco near Tlaxcala argued that their contributions had been overlooked by the Spanish.
After periods of drought, followed immediately by a torrentially wet year, rodent populations exploded because of the newly abundant sources of food. Social Organization The basic unit of Aztec society was the calpulli, sometimes, at least for early Aztec history, thought of as a clan, or group of families who claimed descent from a common ancestor. After an initial air of cordiality between the two sides, things soon turned sour when Cortés audaciously took Montezuma hostage. First, killing thousands of people, whether you or your neighbours, simply can't be good for a society. However, if there had not been instabilities in the Empire itself, this alliance would not have been formed at all. A campaign of territorial expansion began, where the spoils of war - usually in the form of tributes from the conquered - were shared between these three great cities.
It would not be until the late 20th century that a few feminist writers and academics would attempt to rehabilitate as a woman who made the best of her situation and became, in many respects a powerful woman. Poor Leadership - The leadership of Rome was weak and often corrupt, so that political and diplomatic decisions were often made to satisfy domestic pursuits. For example: Juan de Grijalva and Francisco Cordoba both tried to attack minor!!! Mexico and the Spanish Conquest. While Maya civilization did go through a brief renaissance after this period, ongoing environmental constraints played a large role in their eventual decline. One neighbouring power in particular, a constant thorn in the Aztec flank, was the. The Aztec believed that the benevolent gods must be kept strong to prevent the evil gods from destroying the world.
He was succeeded as emperor by his brother, Cuitláhuac. In the end, only Tenochtitlan and the neighboring city of remained unconquered or not allied with the Spaniards. Their empire spread through most of central Mexico. It extended across western South America from Quito in the north to Santiago in the south. Each family had a right to use the land but owned only the goods that it produced. I would however like to add to it.
These eventually brought the Republic down. This ruler was considered semidivine, a descendant of the Aztec gods, and served as both military leader and high priest. Holed up in the royal , Cortés resisted several waves of attacks and then fought to control the gigantic Templo Mayor pyramid, which was being used as a handy vantage point to rain down missiles on the Spanish. Another witness, Vázquez de Tapia, claimed the death toll was as high as 30,000. However, it is conceivable that this legend was a post-Conquest fabrication that gave the Spanish legitimacy. It may be that the Spanish simply were an excuse to start what was already an inevitable civil war.
Regular tributes were extracted, and captives were taken back to Tenochtitlan for ritual sacrifice. Clickbank Name: Main Categories Other Categories Copyright Unexplainable. From there, the Spanish began to establish the foundations of what would later become Mexico City. Notwithstanding the Aztec religious beliefs, the regular human sacrifices took a toll on the manpower supply in the empire, whether it is for economic or military purposes. Often many victims were killed at once. These were gratefully received and likely made the Spanish even more interested in plundering the land for all it was worth. The Aztecs were used to loose formations in battle; their primary objective had always been to capture a valiant opponent alive so that they might be later ritually sacrificed, and warfare was highly ritualised with precise moments for starting and ending.
One of the most important functions of the priests was to determine which days would be lucky for engaging in activities such as war and baptism. Contemporary research suggests European disease had limited impact on decline of the Aztec empire. This misconception has been attributed to the reference made by in 1546, as to Cortés burning his ships. Before leaving, he said that there would be omens for Moctezuma to know that what he has been told is true. The Return of Quetzalcoatl and the Irony of Empire: Myths and Prophecies in the Aztec Tradition.
The Spanish invaders, allowed to freely enter the city, were hugely impressed by its splendour, its magnificent and artwork, its wonderful gardens, artificial lakes, and flowers. Mali neverfully recovered from the attack. On these fertile islands they grew corn, squash, vegetables, and flowers. The Aztec had no metal coins. That you would come to ask for your throne, your place, that you would come here.
When Cortés left Tenochtitlan to return to the coast and deal with the expedition of , sent to rein in Cortés's expedition that had exceeded its specified limits, Cortés's right-hand man was left in charge. Another aspect in the decline of MySpace could be concerns about privacy and wider political concerns felt by some users and potential new users. Smallpox quickly spread among the population and people had no resistance and did not know how to treat it. A second puppet ruler was installed — Manqo Inka, another son of Wayna Qhapaq. Human actions likely played a role as well: warfare between the La Venta Olmecs and any one of a number of local tribes could have contributed to the society's downfall.