The railroads were soon running again. Her stance—that she would take no side—guaranteed that nearly everyone in the intensely polarized city would be angry with her. The local branches of the union called for a national strike at the Pullman Palace Car Company complex in Chicago. Two men were killed in the violence that erupted near Chicago. Grover Cleveland: A Study in Courage. They were enormous because the strike showed the power of unified national unions. And I would not care to be arrayed against the laboring people in the contest, or find myself out of the ranks of labor when the struggle ended.
Now would be a good time to re-think a labor movement that is truly aware of the way to enhance the strength of American business and labor — not as a competitor against management, but as a partner in strengthening the economy. Of course, the strike was not the only reason she was lonely. Pullman Strike Facts for kids Railroad Strike Fact 11: In the early Spring of 1894 the company announced that the workers either accepted a wage cut or the factory would have to shut. Chicago felt its impact immediately. It announced that any railroad worker who refused to handle Pullman cars would be fired. Hull House was doing well enough by other measures. Where did the moral responsibility lie? Pullman Strike Facts for kids Interesting history and the Pullman Strike Facts for kids are continued below.
This caused the workers to declare that they were going to strike, and on May 10, 1894 they walked off of their jobs. First, there was the problem of her own worsening finances. The company owner, , refused to lower rents or go to arbitration. The reaction of the strikers to the appearance of the troops was that of outrage. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas. I do not say this as an alarmist, but calmly and thoughtfully.
During the course of the strike, 30 strikers were killed and 57 were wounded. Railroad workers were divided, for the old established Brotherhoods, which included the skilled workers such as engineers, firemen and conductors, did not support the labor action. There was now a good mix of old and new, with the majority, like Starr, Lathrop, and Kelley, having been there two years or more. Debs - Key - Main - Summary - Definition - History - Interesting - George Pullman - Railroad - Eugene V. Pullman Strike for kids - President Grover Cleveland Video The article on the Pullman Strike provides detailed facts and a summary of one of the important events during his presidential term in office. In early July, the federal government reacted with an injunction basically forbidding all boycott activity.
He earned 6 percent of the popular vote in the general election of 1912. Within four days, over 125,000 workers had joined the boycott, and 125,000 more in 27 states followed. Debs and his American Railway Union has won a strike earlier in 1894 and they became involved in the Pullman situation. While Debs had been reluctant to start the strike, he threw his energies into organizing it. Bartlett, a businessman, was to arrange the meeting but, as of May 30, two weeks into the strike, he had done nothing.
In 1898, the forced the Pullman Company to divest ownership in the town, as its company charter did not authorize such operations, and the land was annexed to Chicago. Mary was the faithful and loving sister whose affection Addams had always relied on and whose life embodied the sacrifices a good woman made for the sake of family. The strike also had a huge influence on how the federal government and the courts would handle labor issues. Telegrams poured into the White House. After the strikers refused, President ordered in the Army to stop the strikers from obstructing the trains. Was it disloyal of him to treat his workers as cogs in his economic machine? The immediate cause of the strike was a series of wage cuts the company had made in response to the economic crisis.
The resulting essay was the most in-depth exploration of the subject of class that Addams would ever write. That fall she and John Dewey, now the first chair of the Department of Philosophy at the University of Chicago, discussed this question. Issues at play during the Pullman Strike included how the public viewed the rights of workers, the role of management in the lives of workers, and the role of government in mediating labor unrest. In November, she gave lectures in three states—Illinois, Wisconsin, and Michigan. It affected most rail lines west of and at its peak involved some 250,000 workers in 27 states.
When this had no effect, President Grover Cleveland sent in United States Marshals and about 12,000 U. Addams had done everything she could to bring about arbitration. Debs was sent to jail and the strike was broken by July 17, 1894. The results of the Pullman Strike were both enormous and inconsequential. This injunction was based on the Sherman Anti-Trust Act and the Interstate Commerce Act and was issued by federal judges Peter S. Governor Altgeld of Illinois had been hesitant to employ the state militia to put down the strike instead relying on the local authorities to handle the situation. The following Grover Cleveland video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 22nd and 24th President of the United States whose presidencies spanned from March 4, 1885 to March 4, 1889 and from March 4, 1893 - March 4,1897.