This page is designed to show how these two distinct thinkers and writers shaped one movement… 1542 Words 7 Pages Booker T. This, he said, would eventually win the respect of whites and lead to African Americans being fully accepted as citizens and integrated into all areas of society. It is as though Nature must needs make men narrow in order to give them force. By 1830 slavery seemed hopelessly fastened on the South, and the slaves thoroughly cowed into submission. B Dubois had differing opinions on the color-line.
As an academic, DuBois performed research on black communities in Philadelphia. Nearly all the former ones had become leaders by the silent suffrage of their fellows, had sought to lead their own people alone, and were usually, save Douglass, little known outside their race. No account of black history in America is complete without an examination of the rivalry between and , which in the late 19th to early 20th centuries changed the course of the quest for equality in American society, and in the process helped give birth to the modern Civil Rights Movement. Washington was born to a slave family in Virginia a few years before the Civil War. Washington has hitherto said little aloud.
Before 1750, while the fire of African freedom still burned in the veins of the slaves, there was in all leadership or attempted leadership but the one motive of revolt and revenge,—typified in the terrible Maroons, the Danish blacks, and Cato of Stono, and veiling all the Americas in fear of insurrection. As a result of this tender of the palm-branch, what has been the return? When he was nine years old, he and his family were freed by the Emancipation Proclamation. They deprecate the sight of scattered counsels, of internal disagreement; and especially they dislike making their just criticism of a useful and earnest man an excuse for a general discharge of venom from small-minded opponents. Booker T Washington vs W. Moreover, this is an age when the more advanced races are coming in closer contact with the less developed races, and the race-feeling is therefore intensified; and Mr. If the best of the American Negroes receive by outer pressure a leader whom they had not recognized before, manifestly there is here a certain palpable gain.
The disfranchisement of the Negro. Washington, educator, reformer and the most influentional black leader of his time 1856-1915 preached a philosophy of self-help, racial solidarity and accomodation. However, when in 1885 he began attending Fisk University in Tennessee, he encountered for the first time the open bigotry and repression of the Jim Crow South, and the experience had a profound impact on his thinking. It startled the nation to hear a Negro advocating such a programme after many decades of bitter complaint; it startled and won the applause of the South, it interested and won the admiration of the North; and after a confused murmur of protest, it silenced if it did not convert the Negroes themselves. These ideas formed the essence of a speech he delivered to a mixed-race audience at the Cotton State and International Exposition in Atlanta in 1895. B DuBois had a different approach to further social change by stating that some African Americans should go to academic schools, while others had trades… 1390 Words 6 Pages about numerous similarities as well as differences between these two gentlemen.
In the Free States, on the other hand, a new and curious attempt at self-development was made. Washington, 1895 Atlanta Compromise Speech, History Matters, George Mason University African American Leaders Editable Venn Diagram Template. He was also a firm believer in the working ability of black Americans, stating that they could become productive members of American society. He died in Ghana on August 27, 1963, at the age of 95. B DuBois and Booker T. Today we celebrate educators and civil rights activists Harry T. The invitation came from Theodore Roosevelt and this article, written at the time by a Howard University professor, deals with this event and conveys the very powerful image of Washington in the eyes of ten million black Americans during the turn of the century.
He believed that it was important for blacks to develop good relationships with whites. This, he said, would win the respect of whites and lead to African Americans being fully accepted as citizens and integrated into all strata of society. This triple paradox in Mr. However, they sharply disagreed on strategies for black social and economic progress. These movements are not, to be sure, direct results of Mr. Get Free Access See Review. For much of his life, DuBois worked at Atlanta University, where he did historical research and wrote articles and editorials for a number of publications.
But aside from this, there is among educated and thoughtful colored men in all parts of the land a feeling of deep regret, sorrow, and apprehension at the wide currency and ascendancy which some of Mr. Nevertheless, the questions involved are so fundamental and serious that it is difficult to see how men like the Grimkes, Kelly Miller, J. It is wrong to encourage a man or a people in evil-doing; it is wrong to aid and abet a national crime simply because it is unpopular not to do so. Cultivating a humanitarian approach, progressive intellectuals ushered in an era of societal reconstruction with the intention to establish primary equalities on the pervasive argument of human race. This information that I will provide for you will give you a clearer thought on how they were raised and their beliefs.
Now in the past the American Negro has had instructive experience in the choosing of group leaders, founding thus a peculiar dynasty which in the light of present conditions is worth while studying. Beyond Niagara More than just deepening the personal dislike between Washington and Du Bois, this ideological rift would in time prove to be one of the most important in the history of the struggle for civil rights. Discriminating and broad-minded criticism is what the South needs, — needs it for the sake of her own white sons and daughters, and for the insurance of robust, healthy mental and moral development. This is an age of unusual economic development, and Mr. Washington thus faces the triple paradox of his career: 1. Bowen, and other representatives of this group, can much longer be silent.