The dependency theory failed in Ghana, according to Ahiakpor, because of its focus on historical development, and because the government failed to anticipate many of the consequences of their policy. Change is resisted because it brings in elements of uncertainty. Larrain, J, 1989:110 However, this was not as straight forward as anticipated, because if a poorer nation makes any attempt to resist against the power of the rich nations they may have to face military force or economic sanctions. However, a loss of culture may result from modernization. The world is still divided into rich and poor countries. I believe this class is definitely giving me a greater understanding of the different techniques and methods that will allow me to improve my learning process. Dependency theory says that the poverty of the poor countries is not because they are not integrated into the world system, but because of how they are integrated into the system.
Many critics argue that it is not a theory, but can more accurately be conceived of as an approach to the study of underdevelopment. Here, one can be part of the system, and adopt national economic policies to being about economic growth such as Import substitution industrialisation where industrialisation produces consumer goods that would normally be imported from abroad, as successfully adopted by many South American countries. Better, Employment, Goal 1001 Words 3 Pages My Strength and Weakness Everyone is different in many ways. Indeed, their studies suggested that economic activity in the richer countries often led to serious economic problems in the poorer countries. According to modernity, policies intended to raise the standard of living of the poor often consist of disseminating knowledge and information about more efficient techniques of production.
Both have their own sets of costs and benefits. Much of the content was a struggle for the ascendence of the national bourgeoisies in these countries and the uprooting of the systemic market relations and politically created economic parameters favorable to the imperialist countries. Uses both experimental and non-experimental data. It came about as a result of a political movement to help disadvantaged children. The theory was incredibly popular as many developing countries were close to the verge of economic collapse caused by the free market policies of development theory during 1950s to 1970s; meanwhile, the dependency theory was also considered as a major criticism directly questioning modernization theory Caporaso, 1980. There is some kind of partial withdrawal from the status quo of international trade that favors imperialism. This was the orthodox response prescribed by orthodox analyses, but it did not work.
Contact with foreign cultures fosters international cooperation, but can also result in further loss of culture as people begin to adopt the foreign cultures and languages they are exposed to. For example, Africa was the major supplier of underpriced raw materials to Europe and buyer of overpriced manufactured goods from the West. One can use his or her strengths and abilities to contribute positively in their work, personal and educational environment. However, with sociological theory comes criticisms and despite lasting a great deal of time in the framework of the international sphere, classical dependency has been subjected to a barrage of criticism on theoretical, empirical, methodological, and stylistic grounds. While, however; speaking on my weaknesses, tend not to be such a problematical task. The cost of living in other countries also translates into lower wages. So the North Viet serviceman was generally considered tougher and more determined than the South Viet serviceman.
Civil society, Development, Non-governmental organization 1426 Words 4 Pages Psychology- Strengths and Weaknesses of the Learning Perspective Strengths: Determinism- Refers to the view that all our behaviour is caused by some environmental factor. To resolve this, some thinkers have developed the theory of diffusionism, which bears many of the characteristics of modernisation, but accepts the diffusion of ideas, products, and workforce between both modernised and traditional societies. Duncan I of Scotland, King Duncan, Macbeth 794 Words 3 Pages Odysseus' Strengths and Weaknesses The Odyssey by Homer is a metaphor for one man's spiritual quest. Weaknesses are groups are treated as individuals. In addition, the modernists also pointed out that the developed nations should be the lighthouse by which all developing countries should look up to in developing their nations.
Hong Kong: MacMillain Press Ltd. The most notable weakness of the modernization theory is its oversimplified view of social change Coetzee et al. Army, Enlisted rank, Leadership 1269 Words 3 Pages Jay's Personal Strengths and Weaknesses Jay Rhee University of Phoenix Jay's Personal Strengths and Weaknesses There are a number of strengths which I possess that contribute positively in my work environment, in my personal life, and in my Learning Team. Undevelopment means that resources are not used on the scale of its potential; for example, North America was an undeveloped area for European colonists. While many of the criticisms are justified, what we need to ask ourselves is whether the essential ideas and the ideology behind the dependency theory has any relevance in the present context? G 2011 Survival Strategies in Rural Zimbabwe: The Role of Assets, Indigenous Knowledge and Organizations.
The theory failed to recognize the creativity and initiative of the Africans. Lastly it will give a brief overview of the paper. Development encompasses the advancement of agriculture, village and cottage industries, the socio-economic infrastructure, human resources, community services, human rights and the political environment. Our behaviour is determined by outside factors; therefore it is not free will. Dependence and Underdevelopment: Latin America's Political Economy, New York: Doubleday Cueva, Augstin 1976. Prebisch's solution was similarly straightforward: poorer countries should embark on programs of import substitution so that they need not purchase the manufactured products from the richer countries. In his famous writing entitled as Dependency theory claims that the relation of imperialism and domination trapped poor nations at the bottom of the global economy.
Like Karl Marx 1818—1883 , Baran and Frank argued a similar exploitative system of stratification between countries. Example Few issues have been discussed so vague in the history of Latin America as the dependence theory. Latin America - Underdevelopment or Revolution: Essay on the Development of Underdevelopment and the Immediate Enemy, New York: Monthly Review Press Frank, Andre Gunder 1978. We can identify two main streams in dependency theory: the Latin American Structuralist, developed by the work of Prebisch and the American Marxist, developed by Andre Gunder Frank. Review Journal A paper for Theory of Political Economic Development This journal was written by J. This theory gained credibility in explaining Ghana's development after 1981.
Adobe Creative Suite, Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, Confidence 1036 Words 4 Pages Modernization and Dependency theory Nowadays the rapid development of the word and the growing integration of countries can hardly fail to affect the development of new theories which attempt to explain the relationship between countries and the existing inequality between developed countries and countries of the third world. Either way the industrialization scheme was quite similar de-link, accumulate, seek alternative world market and equally questionable for a small country. This rather compromised the livelihoods because the cassava crop was destroyed and replaced by the new hybrid maize crop. The central point in the Dependency Theory is that the nature of social phenomena in the Third World countries is determined by the process of underdevelopment which characterizes these countries and which is the result of the expansion of World Capitalism. As a motivational aid, this theory is an excellent boost to the drive of a developing society, but it is not the solution.
First, there is a huge glut of capital seeking investment opportunities that has focused in overseas markets increasingly since the 70's. The analogy is insightful in that it contests the fallacy that two or more societies or races can have the same solutions to their social problems when they have different cultures and histories. Modernization Theory according to Mouton 2001;27 refers to the transformation which takes place when a traditional or pre-modern society changes to such an extent that new forms of technological organizational or social characteristics of advanced society appears. After some two to four years of failure, most countries broke with orthodoxy to try. Indeed, economic activity in the richer countries often led to severe economic problems in the poorer countries. By ignoring the involvement and participation of the target community, modernity achieves the marginalization of their commitment, creativity and support of the intervention strategies.