Those who are shameless, uncontrolled, weak-willed, self-consciously sycophantic, chronically irresponsible, slothfully dependent, self-destructive, or unconcerned with the shape and direction of their lives may be said to not respect themselves as agents. A disrespectful person is unlikely to have many friends because people tend to avoid them. Talking on the cell phone, texting, tweeting, or checking e-mail, Facebook, Myspace, etc. Your study habits, what you do with your spare time, what outside interests you have and many similar factors reveal what you think about yourself. For example, obeying one's parents is something that is generally instilled from a young age. For example, one can appraise someone's moral performance as stellar and hate or envy her for precisely that reason. There are many different kinds of objects that can reasonably be respected and many different reasons why they warrant respect; thus warranted responses can take different forms beyond attention, deference, and judgment.
So, if it is true that all persons are owed or have a moral right to respect just as persons, then the concept of respect for person has to be analyzed as some form or combination of forms of recognition or reverential respect. Let your significant other know you are making an effort to keep their ideas in mind. The older you are the more respect you are expected to be treated with. Those whose conduct is unworthy or whose character is shameful by their own standards do not deserve their own evaluative respect. Recycling items as much as possible and walking or cycling to local destinations to reduce air pollution are also ways to respect nature.
Fourth, respect is universalizing, in the sense that if F is a respect-warranting feature of object O, then respecting O on account of F commits us, other things equal, to respecting other things that also have feature F. The concept of an end has several meanings for Kant. If you are not in control over your finances, or if your partner has removed money from your bank account, it can seem very scary to leave an abusive relationship. This leaves powerful and meaningful words tired and lack luster to us as we use them everyday. It is respekt that woodworkers are encouraged to have for power tools, that a city dweller might have for street gangs, a new sailor might be admonished to have for the sea, a child might have for an abusive parent.
Remember, our advocates are always ready to talk if you need a listening ear. Much philosophical work has been done, particularly in environmental ethics, to determine the practical implications of the claim that things other than persons are owed respect e. Informational Power is where a person possesses needed or wanted information. Interestingly, although philosophers have paid scant attention to evaluative respect for others, significant work has been done on evaluative self-respect. It is, moreover, a social good, one that individuals are able to acquire only under certain social and political conditions. Basal self-respect is thus the ground of the possibility of recognition and evaluative self-respect.
Since self-respect is vital to individual well-being, Rawls argues that justice requires that social institutions and policies be designed to support and not undermine self-respect. One source of controversy concerns the scope of the concept of a person. As such, it is not owed to everone, for it may or may not be merited. Thus, some philosophers argue that utilitarianism is inconsistent with respect for persons, inasmuch as utilitarianism, in requiring that all actions, principles, or motives promote the greatest good, requires treating persons as mere means on those occasions when doing so maximizes utility, whereas the very point of a principle of respect for persons is to rule out such trading of persons and their dignity for some other value Benn 1988, Brody 1982. Are you willing to give it a try? Does that co-worker with the different political beliefs also value family as much as you? Much philosophical work has gone into explicating differences and links among the various kinds.
You may be scared, angry and confused, but remember the abuse was in no way your fault. They have the right for you to regard them through this referential lens. It involves regarding the object as making a rightful claim on our conduct, as deserving moral consideration in its own right, independently of considerations of personal well being. An object can be perceived by a subject from a variety of perspectives; for example, one might rightly regard another human individual as a rights-bearer, a judge, a superlative singer, a trustworthy person, or a threat to one's security. People are often introduced from oldest to youngest.
Following are several areas where disrespect may be occurring and having a negative effect on your relationships. . Culture varies from one society to another. That is, we have a duty of recognition self-respect. Gnu atheists, on the other hand, favor the latter kind of respect. One issue is how persons ought to be respected in multicultural liberal democratic societies for example, Balint 2006, Tomasi 1995, C. Kant also discusses evaluative self-respect, especially in Critique of Practical Reason 1788 and his Lectures on Ethics 1779 , as a combination of noble pride, the awareness that we have honored and preserved our dignity by acting in morally worthy ways, and a healthy dose of humility, the awareness that we inevitably fall short of the lofty requirements of the moral law.
He argues that individuals' access to self-respect is to a large degree a function of how the basic institutional structure of a society defines and distributes the social bases of self-respect, which include the messages about the relative worth of citizens that are conveyed in the structure and functioning of institutions, the distribution of fundamental political rights and civil liberties, access to the resources individuals need to pursue their plans of life, the availability of diverse associations and communities within which individuals can seek affirmation of their worth and their plans of life from others, and the norms governing public interaction among citizens. Thinking of oneself as having certain moral rights that others ought not to violate is part of this kind of self-respect; servility regarding oneself as the inferior of others and arrogance thinking oneself superior to others are among its opposites. A third kind of recognition self-respect involves the appreciation of the importance of being autonomously self-defining. Many gestures or physical acts that are common in the West can be considered disrespectful in Japan. Men view respect as acknowledging superiority, women view it as showing basic decency. This is true of self-respect as well as respect for others. Respect for persons is one of the basic tenets of liberal democratic societies, which are founded on the ideal of the equal dignity of all citizens and which realize this ideal in the equalization of rights and entitlements among all citizens and so the rejection of discrimination and differential treatment.