Main occupation: Agriculture and fishing. On India's north-eastern side are located the Poorvanchal mountains, which consist of the Patkai Bum and the Naga Hills in the north; Mizo and Lushai Hills in the south, and the Garo, Khasi and Jaintia Hills in the centre. Hot and moist climate is marked by equable temperatures due to nearness to the sea. Most dry forests are covered with small thorny bushes called scrubs. In modern times its members are professionals, administrators, or military personnel. Despite this reputation, once you depart from the eastern seaboard, the region is mainly rural. India has witnessed many famines such as Bengal famine of 1770, 1876-77, 1899 and 1943 which took lives of millions of people.
The Karnataka Plateau to the south of the Deccan region is characterised by a generally uniform relief, with an altitude between 450 m and 800 m. As you move from region to region, you will notice physical changes like climate and topography, as well as cultural changes like dialect and folklore. Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India: Nagin Lake Houseboats along the shore of Nagin Lake, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India. The region was heavily glaciated during the Pleistocene Epoch, and remnant glaciers and snowfields are still present. These gaps, called passes, have not only been traditional trade routes over the past many centuries, but have also provided easy access to the foreign invaders and greatly influenced the course of India's history.
Therefore, irrigation is very necessary. The Central Himalayas are spread over Uttrakhand and Nepal. Apart from the food scrops of rice, wheat and millets, this region also provides cash crops like sugarcane, oilseeds, jute, etc. The important passes in the Himalayas are the Jelep La, Shipki La, Nathu La, Bomdi La, etc. Corn, millet, pulses legumes such as peas, beans, and lentils , cotton, and tobacco are—with rice—the main summer crops, while wheat and barley are the chief spring crops. The Great Plains of Northern India India, which has the world's highest and the most spectacular mountas, is also fortunate in possessing one of the world's most extensive and fertile plains, approximately 2500 km from the Sutlej in the west to the Brahmaputra in the east made up of alluvial soil brought down in the form of fine silt by the mighty rivers. Main industries: Cotton textiles, oil mills, cotton ginning, sugar, penicillin, Main towns: Nagpur, Sholapur, Poona, Amravati.
The Wainganga valley and the Mahanadi basin are two main sub-regions which exhibit differences in rainfall which is higher in upper Mahanadi basin and vegetation Sal fewest of Wainganga valley is replaced by teak forest in the Mahanadi basin. Areas of heavy rainfall more than 200 cm : The western seashores, the Western Ghats, Hills of , and the Sub-Himalayan range territories in North East. During the time of cyclone, heavy rains, winds with high speed and storm surge are also experienced which also affect the lives of the people as it becomes difficult for them to get relief and supplies during this phenomenon. A high level of humidity and abundant sunshine support a variety of tropical wet evergreen forests. On the western edge of the Plateau lie the Sahyadri, the Nilgiri, the Annamalai and the Cardamom Hills, the Annamalai and the Cadamom Hills, commonly known as the Western Ghats. Main minerals: Lignite, oil, gypsum and zinc.
The weathering of lava layers has produced fertile black soils in the Deccan Trap region. During the 3rd century B. The outer zone consists of sandstones, clays, silts, and conglomerates, influenced by Himalayan folding movements and eroded to form long ridges and valleys called duns. A great variety of natural vegetation is found in India due to unequal distribution of rainfall and temperature. The Ganga rises from the Gangotri glacier in the Himalayas and is joined by the Yamuna and Sone rivers on its right bank. About two-thirds of the population adheres to , a greater proportion than in any other Indian state; Hindus constitute most of the remaining third.
Karakoram, Ladakh and Baltistan 3. The pristine and sandy beaches in Goa are the most popular tourist draws during this period. The hill slopes with some depth of soils have coniferous or deciduous trees. The zone receives some rain from the southwest in the summer months—and the lower slopes are forested—but the mountains a climatic divide, representing a transition from the monsoon climate of the Indian subcontinent to the dry continental climate of. Rule 2 can be clarified as: If the number ends. Main industrial centres : Jamshedpur, Dalmianagar, Kalyanpur, Music, Bhagalpur, Sahibganj, Bhilai, Raipur.
Pine is the main source of Turpentine oil. Areas of comparatively heavy rainfall 100-200 cm : Southern areas of Gujarat, north-eastern Peninsular region, east Tamil Nadu, eastern Maharashtra, Western Ghats, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, and the central Gangetic basin. The most salient characteristic feature of the Great Plains of northern India is the extreme horizontality or levelness. The sandy soils in the deserts support cactus and thorny bushes, while wet marshy deltaic soils support mangroves and swamp forests. Tamil Nadu The Thar Desert lies to the west of the Aravallis beyond the north-western flank of the Plateau.
The sex ratio is relatively poor, about 890 females per 1,000 males at the 2011 census, lower than it was in the 2001 census 900 females per 1,000 males. The southern part of the range is filled with dense forest, but this growth becomes sparser as you move north in the range, where it is generally bare, with great amounts of sand and quartz. Each conference is split four ways: North, South, East, and West. It has a number of lagoons, backwaters and raised beaches. E, the Mauryan Empire came into power in India and was most successful under its emperor,.