For many, and especially those who moved to urban areas for opportunity, city living proves deadly in ways not known in the countryside. Depending on the country, farming gives seasonal employment with no enough income to sustain rural people thus being forced to move to urban areas in search for better and well paying jobs McCatty, 9. There is no doubt that life tends to be more enjoyable in the cities than in the villages. For example, dress patterns like pants, shirts, ties, skirts, jeans, etc. Property rights and land tenure are also considered.
Pollution and Contamination Traffic congestion and industrial manufacturing, prominent features of the urban landscape, also take their toll on the natural environment and those who depend on it. Although not a net gain when they first arrive, migrants soon become indistinguishable from native urban population of same education, age, race, and sex. This pattern suggests that the non-farm sector can potentially function as both a route out of poverty and as a safety net, preventing the poor from falling deeper into poverty and in the long term engaging in rural to urban migration. Only when we absorb more knowledge will we enhance our scientific and technological level. The decrease in the traditional form of employment in rural areas forces many young people to leave the area in search of work in the urban centers of their country. So far as subjective adjustment is measurable, most migrants believe they are better off after moving to urban areas.
These jobs includes, street vending, hustling, sharpening of knife, drug trafficking, maize roasting and even prostitution. The language attributes of the inheritance of this area has made it very much possible for the Ikole Local Government people to settle down peacefully to conduct their day-today activities such as farming and trading. Towns and secondary cities, therefore, require more investments in infrastructure and services for both the growing urban population and the population in the surrounding rural areas However, small towns are also actual or potential destination for rural-urban migration. Disparity in Development The dense population in the urban areas attracts more government attention at the expense of sparse population in the rural areas. What are the problems faced by the people who live in rural areas? One of its negative effects is higher crime rate. Remittances to rural areas: Cash remittances sent by spouses and relatives are one of the main advantages of rural to urban migration. In many countries, particularly in third world countries there is a noticeable pattern of rural to urban migration.
In addition to this, agricultural extension services should be developed and provided in rural areas. Predominance of manmade Preliminaries influenced by natural environmental artificial environment. Introduction Migration is the movement of people from one place to another due to various motivations such as search of employment, educational facilities e. They look to find work that seems more productive. The participation of the rural area population in decision-making that directly affects their lives and livelihoods is necessary to bring about this supportive environment for rural area development. For many people, especially in developing countries, access to these services offers many advantages in terms of creating opportunities.
Difficult Living Conditions Because many migrant workers lack the skills and education or their urban counterparts, their job opportunities come in the construction and manufacturing industries. These issues lead to different problems in one way or another. This involve a host of multi-sectarian activities including the improvement of agriculture, promotion of rural industries, creations of the infrastructure and establishment of appropriate decentralized structure in order to allow mass participation. Bajracharya, Bhishna Nanda 1995 The opening of the domestic markets to the global economy lead to the improvement of transport and communication networks and this means that goods and services from the villages and the rural areas can reach the global markets more easily, but also that goods and services from the global market can reach the villages and the rural areas and compete with local products. In what ways do rural people live in order to meet their daily needs? While European cities had been able to at least offer enough jobs to incoming migrants many cities in Africa, Latin America or Asia face severe problems like unemployment, poverty, pollution or crime. Of course the rural dwellers know of this and come to the city for their fair share of fun.
Overutilization of such amenities results in poor service delivery to the general population. In general, urban wages are significantly higher, so moving to the city is an opportunity to earn that was impossible in rural areas. Good governance means that decision-making is participatory and inclusive and that the implementation of the decisions is effective and efficient. This cause conflict during land sharing forcing many people to be landless thus opting to move to urban centers. How to Solve the Problem of Rural-Urban Migration 1.
It reviews why rural people move to urban areas; effects on migrants; effects on origin and destination. This gives rural communities more opportunities to pursue their own interests and to decide on their own development path, and thereby creates a more balanced relationship between urban and rural areas and a more level playing field for rural communities. Therefore, capacity building of all stake holders needs to accompany the provision of infrastructure and services in the rural areas and in the small urban centers and between the rural areas and the urban centers. In many cases, not having urban registration also excludes migrant workers from many urban jobs. This may leave rural areas without basic amenities, such as proper road networks, educational facilities and medical institutions. In particular many young, newlywed couples living in rural provinces such as Henan, find themselves, at least at some point during their family planning, questioning and considering whether to migrate to the more thriving urban cities such as shanghai or to remain in their rural villages. Rural-urban migration is a reaction to some of the prevailing conditions in the rural areas.
Poverty reduction strategies Policies that target poverty alleviation influence rural-urban migration. Environmental pollution: Rural to urban migration may lead to overcrowding of urban areas, which often results in increased motor vehicle emissions, industrial pollution and improper waste disposal. When workers return home to visit relatives and friends they may spread illnesses and diseases they contracted while in the city. However, the wage difference is often offset by the higher cost of living and absence of self-produced goods, including subsistence farming. Children of migrants workers lose their access to education and healthcare. Education is another reason for rural-urban migration of people.