Green Revolution helped in reviving the agricultural sector but its effect was limited to certain parts of the country; mainly in Punjab, Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh. We see poverty all around us. The policies of the colonial government ruined traditional handicrafts and discouraged development of industries like textiles. The next is Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana in 1999 it again assisted poor to get them above the poverty line and it was a kind of mixed help from bank credit and government subsidy that was provided. It is a loss of human resourses to the nation and stigma to the society.
Once the basic needs of all the people are fulfilled then some higher needs would need to be taken into account to address the issue of poverty. On the other hand, reduction was not as sharp in countries; like Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, etc. Describe how the poverty line is estimated in India? Many people are not allowed to participate in various social functions because they are poor. This was coupled with a high growth rate in population and resulted in a higher number of poor. In this method poverty is measured with the help of consumption and income level of the people. In India it is the National Sample Survey Organization that calculates the poverty line.
Answer : The major reasons for poverty in India are: i Colonial Rule: India went through a long phase of low economic development under the British colonial administration. Similarly, among the economic groups, the most vulnerable groups are the rural agricultural labour households and the urban casual labour households. Similarly state governments will establish State Employment Guarantee Funds for implementation of the scheme. In our daily life, we come across many people who we think are poor. In fact, every fourth person in India is poor. What are the issues related to poverty which in turn become its causes? While ensuring the minimum necessary in terms of income is indeed essential for India to bring a large section of its population out of the clutches of poverty, the government must also focus its attention upon the broader element of human poverty. Although the percentage of people living under poverty declined in the earlier two decades 1973— 1993 , the number of poor remained stable around 320 million for a fairly long period.
Poverty has also Re-surfaced in some of the former socialist countries like Russia, where officially it was non-existent earlier. An average Indian has to spend huge amount on marriage and other rituals because of socio-cultural pressure. Your love, affection and hope has motivated us to come up with this online platform. Describe how poverty line is estimated in India. Out of 220 million households in India, 15. Describe poverty trends in India since 1973? He manages to earn around Rs 1,500 a month when he finds employment, which is not often. Therefore, the poverty ratio is continuously decreased from 1974 to 2000.
It is no longer confined to economic factors alone. This illustrates the seriousness of the challenge. One third of the proposed jobs would be reserved for women. Poverty has resurfaced in Russia and some of the former communist countries. It also means lack of a regular job at a minimum decent level.
Similarly, the State Government will also establish the State Employment Guarantee Funds for the implementation the scheme. This means, roughly 260 million or 26 crore people in India live in poverty. Child labour is a basic problem of poverty. We shall try our best that distance and money could not act as barrier while preparing for the exam. Different yardsticks are used in different countries to measure the poverty line. Hence, they are either ignorant of birth controlmeasures or not convinced of the need of birth control. The poor, especially in rural areas had to take loans for farming inputs and many times were unable to repay the Thus they fell into a debt trap, leading to a worse situation.
An uneducated person can easily get job in this type of industries as labour and sustains his livehood. The practice of child labour still common. Orissa and Bihar continue to be the two poorest states with poverty ratios of 47% and 43 % respectively. They show that poverty means hunger and lack of shelter. After discussing this multi-dimensional problem through examples, the chapter discusses the way poverty is seen in social sciences. They could be landless labourers in villages or people living in overcrowded jhuggis in cities.
A poor person is usually barred from enjoying certain basic pleasures of life which the people in the mainstream society are able to enjoy. The programme aims at bringing the assisted poor families above the poverty line by organising them into Self Help Groups through a mix of bank credit and government subsidy. What is necessary to satisfy basic needs is different at different times and in different countries. What is meant by social exclusion? Why is poverty line different from countries to countries? The proportion of poor people is not the same in every state. This has resultedin less job opportunities.
Answer Food security is ensured in a country when the three dimensions of food security are taken care of. There has been a significant decline in poverty in Kerala, Jammu and Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat and West g. Which becomes cause of poverty. Public distribution of food grains, focus on human resource development, high agricultural development and land reform measures are some of the factors responsible for the decline in poverty in these states. Do check out the sample questions of Chapter Notes - Poverty as a Challenge, Economics, Class 9 for Class 9, the answers and examples explain the meaning of chapter in the best manner.