This initiated a series of correspondence between him and Lord Minto, who was the then Governor General of India. They were also entitled to ask supplementary questions during the legislative proceedings. This further led to the Lucknow act of 1916. The system of separate electorates was introduced. The Viceroy Lord Minto in accordance with the policy of the Government set to the task of preparing a draft Bill, in collaboration with Lord Morley, the Secretary of State for India, for the introduction of constitutional reforms. The number of elected members in the Imperial Legislative Council and the Provincial Legislative Councils was increased. As later on British Government transferred more powers to Indian politicians through the acts of 1919 and 1935, this Hindu-Muslim divisibility increased furthermore which hindered the natural harmony that prevailed in India before.
The empire which Curzon left late in 1905 was different from what it had been at the close of the nineteenth century when he came to rule over it. Also, the elected members were not to be elected by the people but by the influential sections of the society such as landlords, zamindars and businessmen. Chalukyas was a very stron… Share your stories about India--Tourism, History, Culture. He was given the law portfolio. The moderates thought that it was their duty to help and support British during the war.
The legislative bodies lacked effective control on the Government agencies. The idea was to establish that the political, economic and cultural interests of the Hindus and Muslims were distinct. The real political solution was lying in complete self-rule and accountable governance but the 1909 Act was only a face saving device. Government of India Act of 1909 Government of India Act of 1909, known as Morley-Minto Reforms, allowed Indians to take part in legislative elections. They mark an important stage in the growth of representative institution, and one step ahead towards the responsible association of elected Indians with the administration. Provinces were delegated electoral allocations and administrative changes hindered harmful fusion against the British rule.
The members were given more liberties. Despite these reforms the Indian members still reeled over electoral apportionment. As a result of this the minority Muslim community was allotted reserved seats in Municipal and District Boards, in the Provincial Councils and in the Imperial Legislature. A committee was appointed by the Government of India to propose a scheme of reforms. This was done with an objective of creating a notion that the political, economic and cultural interests of the Hindus and Muslims were different. This was intended to stem the growing tide of nationalism in the country by dividing the people on communal lines. The Morlay-Minto reforms suggested a separate electorate for Muslims, apart from some other constitutional measures.
The members should directly be elected by the people. Because of this political funda Hindu-Muslim unity was affected and freedom movement was stopped which ultimately delay Independence by 25—30 yrs. Indians were not given any importance or more power in the governance. However, the British officials shared the Muslim League's fear of legislative outnumbering and accepted any assistance against Morley's democratic inclinations. There was a lot of resentment against reign of Lord Curzon, who had already irked the public by the foolish idea of partition of Bengal. इस सुधार से ब्रिटिश हुकूमत ने भारत के में फूट डालने का प्रयास किया,भारत परिषद अधिनियम का प्रमुख उद्देश्य भारत के स्वतंत्रता आंदोलन को कमजोर बनाना था इस सुधार में मुस्लिमों को वरीयता देने के पीछे अंग्रेजों का उद्देश्य मात्र इतना था कि ऐसा करके वे मुस्लिमों को भारतीय स्वतंत्रता आंदोलन से अलग कर लेंगे उन्होंने मुस्लिमों से कहा कि मुस्लिमों की रुचि और उनकी मांग अन्य भारतीयों से अलग है भारतीय स्वतंत्रता आंदोलन को कमजोर करने के लिए उन्होंने सांप्रदायिकता को बढ़ाना शुरू कर दिया मार्ले मिंटो सुधार का प्रभाव क्या था? The local bodies elected an electoral college who would elect members of the provincial legislative councils.
In such a situation, the political participation, awareness and education remained a distant dream. With that perspective, it appeared that granting a few concessions of representation in the provincial and imperial legislatures to the native elite would be a lesser evil. A shadow rather than substance The reforms of 1909 afforded no answer and could afford no answer to the Indian political problem. However no member was given the permission to discuss the matter which affected the relation between government of India and other foreign nations. Conclusion The importance and utility of Minto-Morley Reforms cannot be set aside because of some weaknesses in the scheme. These members would, in turn, elect the members of the Central legislative council.
Viceroy Lord Minto also emphasised the need of making some reforms. The Act rather added new political problem with the introduction of the separate electorate system. A History of India 1st ed. This was for the first time that, the seats in the legislative bodies were reserved on the basis of religion for Muslims. The position of the Governor- General remained unchanged and his veto power remained undiluted and the Act was successfully maintained relentless constitutional autocracy.
Though the British intensified their policy of repressing the Extremists, they simultaneously also tried to pacify the Moderates through certain reforms. This made Muslims to elect exclusively the Muslim candidates in the constituencies. The Muslim League intended to preach loyalty to the empire and to keep the Muslim intelligentsia away from the Congress. The world war one which started in the year 1914 had a huge impact on India. This system of separate electorates for the Muslims sowed the seeds of the policy of communalism. British rulers generally encouraged communal difference through these reserved seats, as the Muslim candidates did not have to appeal for Hindu votes and vice versa. Legislative councils of Bengal , Bombay and Madras was increased to 50 members each.
The government wished to develop a gulf within the Congress on one hand by garnering the support of the moderates, and on the other, to win over the Muslims and put them against the Hindus. They were given rights to ask supplementary questions and move resolutions to on matters related toloans to the local bodies. Meanwhile, Gopal Krishna Gokhale went to England and met Mr. Half of the members should be Indians. Clification of languages principles and basis for morphological genealogical what is history definition and origin in hindi aipm 1990s management meaning in telugu history mosaic and definition ppt scope 1600 morley minto reforms in hindi indian history crash course on modern india for upsc cse aspirants unacademy. The preparation of separate electoral rolls was ordered.
In every province an executive council with Governor should be present. The British believed that by entreating separate Muslim representation they would simply be acknowledging the realities in India. Of the 27 elected non-officials, 8 seats were reserved for the Muslims under separate electorates only Muslims could vote here for the Muslim candidates , while 6 seats were reserved for the British capitalists, 2 for the landlords and 13 seats came under general electorate. Regulations made in accordance with the Act could not be exercised until laid before both Houses of Parliament, so that either house might object. This Act also gave security to the loyal followers of Indian upper classes and upcoming westernized section of the population. The unity between Hindus and Muslims is a illusion and this act sowed the seeds of the Muslim Communism.