But this ability may not be legitimate. Manusmriti, dated to about two centuries after the time of Chanakya is another important political treatise of ancient India. To be sure, without political order, the most basic and immediate end of politics, there would be no other human affairs, knowledge, or skills. He also gave some facts and figures of the government accomplishments under his administration. The answer may be both positive and negative and because of this controversy we refrain ourselves from taking any side.
The significance of the Marxist approach is in the fact that it calls for a deeper scrutiny of the meaning and nature of politics. It gives timely suggestions with a view to improving the political institutions and modifying political activities so as to meet the new demands of the changing world. Opinions, emotions and other factors which influence politics are not capable of computations. Theoretical Politics as described by Sir Frederick Pollock is also included in the study of Political Philosophy. We must also collect, authenticate and investigate.
Generally facts and data are collected from various sources, they are meticulously analysed and then models are prepared. But a proper scrutiny and hair split analysis will reveal that there is a difference between the terms though this difference can easily be ignored. He believes that history cannot determine the ultimate standard of good or bad or of right or wrong in political life. Common people, renowned scholars and political scientists of high repute very often use the words politics and political science to denote the same thing that is they use the two terms interchangeably. It attempts to define and classify its separate parts, to describe its structure iii the nomenclature of anatomy. Whereas the functions of civil society relate to family and different private affairs. An important feature of the post-behavioral trend should be traced in taking political science towards, what is called, policy science.
Therefore, the non-academic meaning of politics has nothing to do with fairness. Stages of Evolution 1 philosophical: concerned with ends and purposes 2 institutional: concerned with political organization 3 behavioral: concerned with motivations and mechanism of human behavior 4 pluralistic: concerned with the interaction among groups and organizations 5 structural: concerned with the connection between the individual and the community 6 developmental: concerned with the process of growth, industrialization and change and the impact on government forms and policies. The experiences and phenomena of history must be illuminated with the light of ideas. This sufficiency laid the foundation of secularisation of politics. It proved more successful in some States than in the others.
The governments of both developed and developing countries are profoundly pressed by the problems created by these No administration in any part of the world can ignore economic issues. Now the complex laws of the State have started controlling each and every sphere of human life. However, to have power does not mean that it will be used indiscriminately. Ideological power:resides in the prevailing ideas acceptable to the people. Political science focuses on the theory and practice of government and politics at the local, state, national, and international levels.
Garner is also willing to recognise the scientific nature of Political Science. According to Aristotle a polity is a type of social organisation and also a political organisation where political authority was exercised by large number of people whose main concern was to achieve general welfare. The preaching of those theories led to the collapse of the then governments of these countries and to the slaughter of millions of people. The main purpose is to make a powerful organisation. For all these reasons politics and political philosophy were almost treated identically. For example, there is no denying the fact that democratic government is the best form of government. Charles Merriam, who initiated the Chicago School of behavioural revolution, can be truly regarded as the intellectual godfather of this approach.
Naturally if any researcher proceeds to build up a general view about society he must study seriously all the disciplines of social science. It has been attacking India since its inception. It also tells us how we can become better citizens and w hat are our rights and duties. But we should know that politics is much larger than that. There are three types of authority.
Here authority is cloaked by legitimacy. The empiricists are prone to use models. This conception leads us to make a distinction in the social affairs between public and private. It deals with the nature and formation of the State and tries to understand various forms and functions of the Government, just as the scholars differ in regard to the definition of Political Science, so they differ in regard to its scope too. The Sophists the wandering teachers of wisdom particularly Protagoras and Gorgias in Athens were the first to deal with this mode of thought and then expound a political theory. From the above observation we again conclude that what we declare as the content of political science is, in fact, derived from many other subjects which are known as branches of social science.
Cited: Sharma Urmila and Sharma S. Friendship depends on having something in common, some principle of equality. All translations from the Nicomachean Ethics quoted here are by Martin Ostwald. Guided by reason individuals do not want to continue the disagreement and they start to find out ways of settlement. Peters, published in Political Philosophy. The Great Depression of the thirties of the last century and various civil wars may be cited as examples. Aristotle also uses philia in differentiating between types of political constitutions.
The form and nature of politics have changed no doubt. Politics is also concerned with the legitimate use of violence and also the monopoly authority over the power and the use of violence. . Without power, decision and policy cannot be properly implemented. In all forms of state and society primitive, tribal, modern, developed, developing and underdeveloped there always exists politics.