This helps in fitting the right kind of talent at the right place and at the right time. The risk rating of the hazard prior to applying the control is known as the 'inherent risk rating'. Selecting Representative Jobs for Analysis: Analysing all jobs of an organisation is both costly and time consuming. It helps in deciding the performance standards, evaluation criteria and individuals output. Then, if everybody in the work group agrees that it is safe to proceed with the task, work can commence. Derivation of training content for planning training programmes. Thus, a job may be defined as a group of positions involving some duties, responsibilities, knowledge and skills.
The next step is to analyze whether the person is able to deliver what is expected of him. Here different types of questionnaires are prepared for different grades which is also time consuming. In other words, it refers to the anatomy of the job. Questionnaire Method: This is another common method of Job Analysis, which uses a questionnaire to be filled by the employees. Job analysis is the foundation for all assessment and selection decisions. Who can perform the job? In the fourth step, a report is prepared by a trained job analysis, mentioning the analysis of the various tasks or activities in the job in question and the qualities desired in a person doing that job.
It sets forth the knowledge, skills and abilities required to do the job effectively. This, according to Terry is required to know the makeup of a job, its relation to other jobs, and its contribution to performance of the organisation. While you never want to copy another company's job description, looking at several is helpful in writing your own job descriptions. Definitions of Job Analysis Some important definitions of job-analysis are as under : Harry L. Job analysis is done by job analyst who is an officer have been trained for it. But it can only be possible if you thoroughly investigate the details regarding the Job. Job Description is an explanatory prospectus which records the job facts which are appropriate as well as authorised.
Adjectives such as poor, deficient, defective, scant, weak, unsound, or faulty, are not used in the hazard column. Interview: Interviewing employees helps in understanding the challenges, difficulties, emotional requirements, complications, deliverables etc 3. A position is a particular set of duties and responsibilities regularly assigned to an individual. This may have a significant impact on the physical requirements to be able to perform a job. Abilities specify the physical and mental attributes required to perform the tasks. At present, these two concepts have gained much importance because of extreme competition; all the organization wants to put the right man at the right job.
Job description is used to describe the various aspects of a job where as job specification covers the specific parameters required to complete the job. Placement and Orientation: As job analysis provides information about what skills and qualities are required to do a job, the management can gear orientation programmes towards helping the employees learn the required skills and qualities. In finer terms, Job Analysis means an in-depth examination and evaluation of a particular Job. Job Description: This is a very vital document which is usually explanatory in nature. After that, the job data are collected from the seniors, juniors, co-workers etc. How many and what type of people will be required depends on the jobs to be staffed. They may see the output but they have no idea what work actions and behaviors go into the employee producing it.
The following are the benefits of job analysis. It would also be reasonable and realistic to assume that the mechanism of injury of an eye being struck at high speed with hot metal particles may result in a permanent disability, whether it be the eye of the grinder operator, a crew member or any person passing or working adjacent to, above or below the grinding operation. If you miss critical information, you could end up not paying an employee correctly, thus fostering employee discontent or hiring someone who lacks an essential skill needed for performing the job. Tether tools Weld lugs Electrical current Wear insulated gloves Inspect cables, connections and tools before use Welding fumes Ventilate using intrinsically safe fume extraction fans Wear respiratory protection when appropriate Welding arc Wear welding helmet with eye protection, fire resistant overalls, welding gloves and apron Erect welding screens if appropriate Hot weld metal, sparks and slag Remove all combustibles from work area Lay out fireproof drop cloths. Training and Development: Job analysis by providing information about what a job entails i. Relative worth is determined mainly on the basis of information provided by job analysis. Also, the members who are included in the analysis and the methods to be used are identified.
Study the best possible methods to extract maximum information related to the job, responsibilities etc 3. If you're asked to list your current responsibilities for a job analysis, be thorough with the information you provide. But there is a separate method to determine value of job that is called as job evaluation which is part of job analysis. A control is either effective or not. If the eye protection was momentarily not used, not fitted correctly or failed and hot high speed particles struck an eye, the expected mechanism of injury adverse event has still occurred, hence the consequence rating remains the same for both the inherent and residual consequence rating. Job analysis helps establish whether or not hiring someone is cost effective. These items need to be specified in a Job Analysis.
Wirk describes both full time and part time internet work. Workplace hazard groups There are three hazard groups. Job Evaluation: Job evaluation is a comparative process of establishing the value of different jobs in a hierarchical order. Copyright © 1998, 1999 All Rights Reserved. How far are the problems consistent? Job analysis cannot forecast the future requirements of a job in case of a major change in industry norms, company policies etc Hence, this concludes the definition of Job Analysis along with its overview. Risk is the combination of likelihood and consequence. A concise statement of what a job demands.