Safety valve for emotional problems. A mission must incorporate mutual goals that are difficult to achieve individually without cooperation. You also develop some strategic alliances with a group of junior associates. But the individuals are not always motivated by the rewards and punishments in the same manner. The management of the company to achieve specific tasks deliberately forms formal groups.
Characteristic Features of formal organization Formal organization structure is laid down by the top management to achieve organizational goals. The prime examples of this are horizontal informal groups. For example, a college management class of 50 students may contain several informal groups that constitute the informal organization within the formal structure of the class. Formal organisation is the official hierarchy as it appears on paper. This type of organization is built by the management to realize objectives of an enterprise and is bound by rules, systems and procedures.
Now, let's take a look at an informal organization. Formal plan and policies cannot meet every problem in a dynamic situation because they are reestablished and partly inflexible. Fills in gaps in a manager's abilities: If a manager is weak in some ability, one of the members of the informal group may help him without letting others know about the manager's weakness. Some members begin to worship the group. Article shared by : After reading this article you will learn about:- 1. Thus, there develops a delusion of righteousness.
The organisation is created by the members spontaneously, i. These are not mutually exclusive choices, because a business can have a formal structure and still operate with the characteristics that define an informal structure. You are one of 26 new associates, making for a total of 467 lawyers in the firm. A number of steps can lead towards this result. Conversely, informal organisation is formed spontaneously by members. Some of the common formal groups that exist within the organization or community include schools, church, hospitals, government, and civic organizations. Organization Development: It makes it easier to review and revise organization with changing requi9rements.
An informal group is formed when two or more people come together to accomplish a specific task which is mainly socially geared. An informal organization is also able to be dynamic, responsive, and adaptable to change, because formal rules and hierarchy don't pin it down. These relations are not developed according to procedures and regulations laid down in the formal organisation structure. To decide the type of organizational structure your business should have, it can help to know your options. However, managers also have a lot to gain by remembering that informal networks are real and useful.
A formal organization is bound by rules, regulations and procedures. It refers to the structure of well-defined jobs, each bearing a definite measure of authority, responsibility and accountability. They may go together as a group, eat slowly, while gossiping, and analyze the business affairs of the company. Formal organization is bound together by authority relationships among members. But the danger is that the supervisor loses objectivity with the subordinate and may be accused of favoritism.
It makes up for any management failures in communication. Examples : Since informal organisation exists everywhere in a organisation we can give a number of examples of such organisations. However, understanding the differences between a formal and informal organizational structure can help you make the best decision for your business. Formal Organisation : When the managers are carrying on organising process then as a result of organising process an organisational structure is created to achieve systematic working and efficient utilization of resources. In short, it can be concluded that management should encourage the informal organisations for keeping harmonious relations in the organisation and for achieving the organisational objectives. Informal organizations are based on common taste, problem, language, religion, culture, etc. After making a brief review of three different types of informal groups we must explore why the informal groups arise and why they remain in existence.
A flexible manager will realise that elements of the informal structure can be formalised i. Communication Barrier: As in a formal organization a task needs the coordination of different departments so communication needs to clear in this process. These points may now be discussed separately: 1. It is loosely structured and highly flexible. Lesson Summary An informal organization is basically the social structure of an organization, which focuses on social interaction and relationships between its members. But human beings cannot live without social interactions and that is why they develop informal relations. The formal organization cannot take account of the sentiments and values residing in the social organization by means of which, individuals or groups of individuals are informally differentiated, ordered and intergraded.
Achievement of Organisational Objectives: Formal organisational structure is established to achieve organisational objectives. The various areas such as the work ethic, the job system, promotional patterns and employment status about which the group may have common beliefs are reinforced and maintained by the group environment. The organisation is personal i. These are as under: 1. The functions performed by informal groups may now be discussed: 1. The more cohesive the group, the more accepted are the standards of behaviour. The authority and responsibility relationships created by the organization structure are to be honored by everyone.