At that time, the Assyrian Empire stretched from Egypt and Cyprus in the west to the borders of Persia—modern-day Iran—in the east. In Mesopotamia, the kings represented the gods, while theEgyptian kings were viewed as gods. After seventy days of being preserved in this large salty mixture modern researchers think that up to six hundred pounds of natron might have been necessary to cover a body , the body would be completely dried out, losing about two-thirds of its weight. Mesopotamia Major festivals in Mesopotamian religion included the New Year's Festival and the Sacred Marriage. Personal gods were worshipped by people in their homes.
Egyptian architecture reigns superior to Mesopotamian architecture because of the extensive amount of structures, the intricate and highly developed technology, and their ability to withstand time and last for centuries afterward. Another well-known pyramid is the step pyramid at Saqqara. Though the sun god Ra was the official national god and was worshipped at Heliopolis, the cult of Osiris became stronger as the central government went into decline. The Mesopotamian goddess Innana spelled Inana in this translation is described by her priestess Enheduanna as fierce and capable of much destruction. By 2,000 bce the Sumerians had developed a complete system of mathematics. A glance at the these factors will give us a better understanding of a couple of the first societies or civilizations that occurred before people today.
Families were nuclear, that is, they consisted of a father, mother, and children. Unlike followers of Mesopotamian religion, the Egyptians had a strong belief in the afterlife, which they expressed by building elaborate tombs such as the pyramids. This switch can work alone in a circuit. Their will is carried out by a priestly class or by a divine king. In ancient Egypt, for instance, there was a large class of priests and priestesses entrusted with caring for the temples. Marduk was the deity at the center for the annual 's Festival, held at the spring equinox.
Normally, however, the sacred statues were kept in the temples. During the 2000-year span in which Egypt displayed its greatest vigor, the society went through three major periods of monarchy the Old, the Intermediate, and the New Kingdoms , each divided from its successor by a century or two of confusion. Many years later, however, it had grown to twenty-seven days. This not only made people the servants of the gods during their lifetimes, but also assured them an afterlife. When Amen and Ra were combined into the godhead Amen-Ra, the temple at Karnak required the services of more than eighty thousand employees.
The week was the only division of time not based on any natural cycles. Papyrus is an early form of paper made from reeds. In ancient Egypt, the scribes used hieroglyphics to express ideas and concepts. Now these can be the same but there not because these civilizations had there own ways on how to control what they believed and how they would sustain themselves. The Egyptians did not take to the Sumerian cuneiform alphabet and developed a hieroglyphic alphabet instead. For instance, Anu, the god of the sky, might have been worshipped to keep violent storms from damaging the crops.
Remember, a city needs a central market, and many of Egypt's trading endeavors were not uniform like those of Mesopotamia. The settlements began to start crops along the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers. Worship Both Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt had a large class of professional priests to care for the gods. Trade contacts were more extensive, and the Mesopotamians gave attention to a merchant class and commercial law. It is probable, though, that the status of women was greater in Egypt than in Mesopotamia where women's position seems to have deteriorated after Sumer. Praise to the Gods Like many modern religions, the religions of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia were highly organized.
This is demonstrated largely in the societies of Ancient Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, and Ancient Greece. Egypt was long fairly isolated, which helped preserve continuity. Sitting on… 1323 Words 6 Pages The History of Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt are both cradles of civilization. The first great pyramid was built around 2600 B. Egyptian emphasis on stability was reflected in their view of a changeless afterlife, suggesting a conscious attempt to argue that persistence was a virtue. Though the location of each civilization was different, they do share something is common. On the other hand, Mesopotamia was built in the fertile area between Tigris and Euphrates River.
Indeed Egypt always had fewer problems with political unity than Mesopotamia did, in part because of the unifying influence of the course of the Nile River. From the king's authority also flowed an extensive bureaucracy, recruited from the landed nobles but specially trained in writing and law. . Mesopotamia was the first known civilization. The coming to power of the Babylonians in the second millennium bce changed the emphasis of religion.