Use the examples in or as a template to insure that each source is formatted correctly. Words, sentences, paragraphs and citations must be arranged to provide cleanliness and uniformity, allowing the content of the paper to speak for itself. Citing and formatting block quotes: When directly quoting information from sources in your writing, you may need to format it differently depending on how many words are used. Name of Editor First Name Last Name. A Brief History of Time. Typically you will close this portion of the reference entry with a period. A paragraph may fit into one of two distinct categories - short quotations or long quotations.
Government publication: Cite government document in the following order if no author is stated: 1 Government, 2 Agency, 3 Title of publication, underlined, 4 Place of publication, 5 Publisher, 6 Date. Book with two authors or editors: Bohlman, Herbert M. Overview A bibliography is a listing of the books, magazines, and Internet sources that you use in designing, carrying out, and understanding your science fair project. Name of organization associated with site. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness.
Ledbetter, Huddie, and John Lomax. There are several different citation styles used in different research fields. Consult the guide for the citation style you're using to make sure. Page numbers are also included when citing a direct quote. Favorite Old Master Paintings from the Louvre Museum. Ottawa: Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada, 2000.
Put a period after the closing parentheses mark. Follow the links at the top of this page to see examples of some of the more common source types cited in both systems. Place a comma after the author's name, then type the year the source was published. If the version of the religious text you are using is relevant, mention it in the first reference in your writing. Based on novel by J. Will Ferrell and Robert Duvall. In that case, you need only to reference the page number of the quotation.
Jennifer Lopez and Jane Fonda. Omit degrees and courtesy titles. The only period in a Chicago-style footnote occurs at the very end. Vanishing Wildlife of North America. . However, before pressing forward, here is a handy checklist that you can use to make sure that you are gathering all of the information needed to create a bibliography, and that a great one! The in-text citation allows your reader to find the full citation at the end of your paper. New York Review of Books 13 Jan.
The Oxford Book of American Literacy Anecdotes. Journals Scholarly, or academic, journals are often created for specific fields or disciplines. Companies Even Get a Bonjour? If your teacher says to use one of these systems, you can use the following brief descriptions to guide you in documenting sources: The name-and-year system. Generally, capitalize the first letter of the first word of the title or any subtitles, and the first letter of any proper nouns. Jenkins and Busher 1979 report that beavers eat several kinds of herbaceous plants as well as the leaves, twigs, and bark of most species of woody plants that grow near water.
Modernizing Accountability Practices in the Public Sector. With your background research plan in hand, you will find sources of information that will help you with your science fair project. Determine what citation style you need to use. References: The sources are listed at the end of the report in alphabetical order according to the last name of the first author, as in the following book and article. For second or later mention of the same work with intervening entries, where previously op. Much of the information you need to create a print book citation can be found on the title page.
She received her PhD in English from Georgia State University in 2015. The author, publisher and page information is concluded with a short description of the actual content or quality of the source used. You may also be able to find this information at the bottom of the homepage. Electronic publication information Date of publication or of the latest update, and name of any sponsoring institution or organization. Year, Month Day of Interview.
Book with compilers, or compilers and editors: McClay, John B. Choose a citation method in coordination with the writing style of the paper or project being written. New York: Washington Square, 1992. In addition, headings provide readers with a glimpse to the main idea, or content, they are about to read. For example, should an author wish to include an interesting fact or comment about one of the statements made in the paper, but that comment is seemingly irrelevant to the argument being presented, they may choose to include that information in a footnote. If some of the information is included in the body of the sentence, exclude it from the parenthetical citation.
Use quotation marks to indicate the titles of short works appearing within larger works e. Place a superscript number at the end of the sentence where the paraphrased or quoted material appears, after the closing punctuation. More specifically, does the original material have two or more authors? For any other use, please contact Science Buddies. Never begin a new line with a punctuation mark. Book with one author or editor: Bell, Stewart. Direct quotes should always have page numbers. The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark.