Gold and salt trade. Lesson 2: Trekking to Timbuktu: Trade in Ancient West Africa (Teacher Version) 2019-01-28

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Ancient Africa for Kids: Trade Routes

gold and salt trade

The traders from the camel trains never saw the people with whom they were trading. The misconception comes from the West African style of silent barter… From this it was reported in Europe that salt was exchanged in Africa for its weight in gold. Camels are uniquely adapted to survive long periods without water. The king of Ghana was very smart. Where is Mecca, and what is its importance to Islam? The city was designated a in 1988.

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What Was the Gold

gold and salt trade

In , the salt route was longer than a between navigable streams. Muslim Merchants Flock to Mali The expansion of Islam across North Africa in the 7th century led to a great increase in West African commercial activities, as Muslim merchants became actively involved in the trans-Saharan trade routes. The Silk road affected almost everyone because without it people would never have gotten ideas from each other. The 'answer' is the number that 'c' must be, if 5c is really the same as -75. In this activity, students will find out how the salt was obtained and why it was so important in the West African trade networks. African trade reached its height, however, after the Arabs had conquered North Africa.

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African trade networks

gold and salt trade

In Western Africa the major trade centers were cities such as Timbuktu, Gao, Agadez, Sijilmasas, and Djenne. Salt was traded pound for pound with gold. This is because Ghana handled the trade between traders to the north and traders to the south. This made Mali famous throughout the world. One of the most famous was the ancient kingdom of Ghana. The road is not only an ancient international trade route, but also a cultural bridge liking the cultures of China, India, Persia, Arabia, Greek and Rome.

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Gold and Salt Trade

gold and salt trade

They largely accepted Islam as their religion instead of trying to hold to their old ways. In fact, throughout history salt has been very difficult to obtain in many parts of the world, and people feared a lack of salt the way we in the industrialized world fear a shortage of fuel oil. The other half of the journey was through the Sahara. Travelling across the Sahara desert, the Muslim traders of North Africa dealt with the West Africans. Caravan by Unknown The Camel The camel was the most important part of the caravan. Because they ahd an excess of gold and since salt is a preservative then they would need it to preserve meats. Ghana Corners the Gold Market The salt that was brought down from the Sahara was usually traded for gold.

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Gold for Salt, Salt for Gold

gold and salt trade

After a long period of prosperity, its importance declined after 1600. West African traders probably adopted it after contact with them. Therefore, they sweat and lose salt. The trade routes remained an important part of the African economy throughout the Middle Ages until the 1500s. The king of Ghana loses power as his people convert to Islam. A for salt transportation in Afar Region of Ethiopia In blocks of salt, called , were carved from the salt pans of the , especially around , then carried by camel west to and in the , whence traders distributed them throughout the rest of Ethiopia, as far south as the. The left and right sides of your equation are equals.


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Gold salt trade

gold and salt trade

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code. They continued to enjoy public prayer in the big open plazas in the real city, and the stories of the Griots, and the dancing at the many festivals. Merchants from Ghudāmis ; now in Libya , Augila now Awjidah, Libya , and numerous other cities of gathered there to buy gold and slaves in exchange for the Saharan salt of Taghaza and for North African cloth and horses. They used boxes and bags to hold the gold dust, scales and weights to weigh it, spoons to transfer gold from box to scales, and brushes to clean the last speck off spoons and scales. This system worked for everyone.

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Salt vs. Gold

gold and salt trade

Salt was necessary for the people of west Africa to survive, while gold was highly desirable to Arab and European traders. This tax helped to make Ghana even more rich than she was already. People could have never advanced past bow and arrow or been able to grow different kinds of food. The Granger Collection, New York Timbuktu was captured by the in 1894. The emperor eventually has the city split in half to keep his people away from the Muslims. In the early middle ages, trade started to develop in west Africa through the Ghana empire.

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Salt vs. Gold

gold and salt trade

The geography of the area around the Niger river greatly influenced the growth of Ghana and Mali. After all, you know that you can always buy a container of salt for about forty-five cents at the local supermarket. As the market expanded, strategically sited towns became major centers of commerce, welcoming merchants from distant lands. Sometimes slaves carried goods as well. Ghana was the the middle, and had a very strong army. While the vital mineral was scarce.


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Gold and Salt Trade

gold and salt trade

The , about 100 kilometres 62 mi , was a route in northern , linking in Lower Saxony with the port of in Schleswig-Holstein , which required more salt than it could produce itself. They even built their houses out of salt because there was nothing else to build with. They also can survive large changes in body temperature allowing them to withstand the heat of the day and the cold of night in the desert. He, too, survived the journey, later publishing a chronicle of his travels. First, the king charged these new traders a tax. Here they might then have been sold on to Europeans. This system worked for everyone.

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