Social Conflict Theory What forms of inequality are revealed in celebrity gossip blogs? When a system of social inequality is based on a hierarchy of groups, sociologists refer to it as stratification. This serves to promote consensus and social stability. In this condition, the society has the need to attract competent persons to the functionally essential positions. Illustrate your ideas with examples. Thus the conflict Theory seeks to explain social stratification in terms of the presence of conflict and coercion in society.
Both the modernization theory and the dependency theory have both strengths and weaknesses. Talented and trained individuals are scarce because acquisition of training and skills requires people to be sufficiently motivated to pursue them. Certain tasks in society are more valuable than others. Theorists believe that the cycle of dependence in global inequality is caused by core higher class nations manipulating the middle and lower-class nations. The dependency theory is focused on a cycle of dependency, following the modernization theory. Social Stratification Is a sociological term for the hierarchical arrangement of social classes, castes, and strata within a society. Learners will engage with the instructor and peers throughout the learning week.
The thesis states that social stratification is necessary to promote excellence, productivity, and efficiency, thus giving people something to strive for. He graduated from Amherst College in 1924 where he majored in biology. Society is a relatively persistent and stable structure of elements. He argued that differences in pay and prestige between occupational groups may be due to differences in their power rather than their functional importance. These theories help us understand why people see things in the manner that they do, the patterns of their beliefs and their behaviors which are based on their social needs as a family unit Vissing, 2011. The main cause of problems, according to the social conflict theory, is the exploitation and domination of the less fortunate groups by those more fortunate Conflict theorists view inequality as wrong. It is also of the scarcity of qualified personnel.
Criticism of Functionalist Theory of Davis and More: Some critics like Tumin criticise the functionalist theory of Davis and Moore on following grounds: 1. It views human history as a struggle between social classes and asserts that capitalism is inherently exploitative. Karl Marx was a German philosopher, sociologist, economist, and revolutionary socialist. Main principles of structural functionalism: a. They occupy higher positions and social inequality is thus found in the society.
It does so by reinforcing social norms and values that bring the community together. These are based on the reality of the existence the class of the owners of means of production and distribution of material means of life and the class of the workers of the lesser of labour for earning their means of livelihood. Individuals in a rural setting may have completely differing norms than the city societies they were introduced to in search of jobs. To motivate engaged discussion, posts are expected to be on time with regular interaction throughout the week. Social stratification is a trait of society, not simply a reflection of individual differences. Stratification, conflict theorists believe, perpetuates inequality. According to functionalism, different aspects of society exist because they serve a needed purpose.
They also stated that the more skill required for a job, the fewer qualified people there would be to do that job. A positive factor of the functionalist explanation of social stratification is that it does explain inequity The first criticism on the functionalist explanation is the idea that occupations most vital to society are most highly rewarded, as some unskilled work is extremely important to the functioning of society but has lower rewards like nursing which is a low pay and low status job but its vital to societies functioning. Windham, a black contractor from Birmingham. Since times very ancient each society has been living with several social classes. McClelland developed a concept known as the Three Needs Theory, also known as Human Motivation Theory, Acquired Needs Theory, Motivational Needs Theory and Learned Needs Theory Agyenim, n. Main Propositions of the Functionalist Theory of Davis and Moore: i Some positions in each society are functionally more important than others and require special skills for their performance.
Most described in The Communist Manifesto. The custom did not originate for that purpose how would they know? Social stratification takes on new meanings when it is examined from different sociological perspectives—functionalism, conflict theory, and symbolic interactionism. The Functions of Social Stratification Structural functionalists argue that social inequality plays a vital role in the smooth operation of a society. Four principles are identified which help explain why social stratification exists. Criticism of the Davis-Moore Thesis: The Nature of Social Mobility : a. People always evaluate their positions and roles and they do so in a hierarchical fashion.
Tumin believed social stratification prevented qualified people from attempting to fill roles Tumin 1953. They realized however that it was difficult to show which positions are functionally more important. The key feature was not the belief in God, but a fundamental distinction between the sacred and profane found in all religions. Weber sees class in economic terms. This theory also can be applied to common social situations especially to crimes and other deviant acts or situations.
Housing, clothing, and transportation indicate social status, as do hairstyles, taste in accessories, and personal style. Further, the prestige given during the training period is quite high. Power is given to those in important positions to achieve shared goals. What we wear, the gadgets we use, and what we drive say something about our financial status. The church was a social center for the African American community in Alabama. References Introduction to Sociology 2e 2017. It is indeed wrong to define class on the basis of only the economic factor.