Explain the nature vs nurture debate. Online Debate: Nature vs. Nurture 2019-03-01

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Nature vs. Nurture vs. Nutrition?

explain the nature vs nurture debate

These phrases become lodged in their minds as unassimilated chunks of information that they cannot incorporate into their own verbal expressions. A single gene may have multiple possible variations, or alleles. French cats behave in the same way as British cats. Other scientists believe that people think and behave in certain ways because they are taught to do so. Each law in turn is made by circumstances predominant. The big questions are: Would the Chihuahua parents raise aggressive beagle puppies? But of course many of the techniques used to study animals cannot be applied to people. When studying human behavior, behavioral geneticists often employ twin and adoption studies to research questions of interest.

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Online Debate: Nature vs. Nurture

explain the nature vs nurture debate

To what extent might there be a psychological basis to health conditions such as childhood obesity? Luwi survives and eventually has children, to whom she may pass on the sickle-cell mutation. For example, adopted children resemble their biological parents even if they have never met them, and identical twins are more similar to each other than are fraternal twins. The egg travels, via the fallopian tube, from the ovary to the uterus, where it may be fertilized by a sperm. While all humans share certain biological mechanisms, we are each unique. People in Britain do tend to behave in a similar way. In a general way, a heritability coefficient measures how strongly differences among individuals are related to differences among their genes.

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Nature VS Nurture Flashcards

explain the nature vs nurture debate

It gets a little more complicated, however, if the mother is heterozygous for this gene Bb. But where did you get your thrill-seeking personality and talent for singing? In humans, genetic variation begins with an egg, about 100 million sperm, and fertilization. They do similar things and wear certain types of clothing. Studies on infant and child have revealed the most crucial evidence for nurture theories. Thank you for your vote. Does human psychology start as a blank slate? It would be ridiculous to imagine that the presence of the spirited element in cities is not to be traced to individuals, wherever this character is imputed to the people, as it is to the natives of Thrace, and Scythia, and generally speaking, of the northern countries; or the love of knowledge, which would be chiefly attributed to our own country; or the love of riches, which people would especially connect with the Phoenicians and the Egyptians.

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Nature vs. Nurture vs. Nutrition?

explain the nature vs nurture debate

While it's clear that physical characteristics are hereditary, the genetic waters get a bit murkier when it comes to an individual's behavior, intelligence, and personality. When someone has two copies of the same allele, they are said to be homozygous for that allele. What language would you expect the child to speak? Jerome Kagan, Harvard University comments on the similarities of twins raised apart. In the history of psychology, no other question has caused so much controversy and offense: We are so concerned with nature—nurture because our very sense of moral character seems to depend on it. As you can see, that is why nature is the right side to choose from for this debate. Researchers have learned a great deal about the nature-nurture dynamic by working with animals. Sure, it seems like common sense that some traits have a genetic bias.

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Nature and Nurture

explain the nature vs nurture debate

The more genetically related people are the more similar they are not just physically but also in terms of personality and behavior. Why do sociologists believe nurture arguments are more accurate? Instead, everything has turned out to have some footing in genetics. However, anthropologists show that people behave differently in different societies. Would the beagle parents raise nonaggressive Chihuahua puppies? If it can be shown that a violent criminal had violent parents, should it make a difference in culpability or sentencing? It attempts to answer the question of which is more important: genetics or environmental influences? Nurture Debate Are you the way you are because you were born that way, or because of the way you were raised? For example, when presented with data showing that children whose mothers read to them often are likely to have better reading scores in third grade, it is tempting to conclude that reading to your kids out loud is important to success in school; this may well be true, but the study as described is inconclusive, because there are genetic as well as environmental pathways between the parenting practices of mothers and the abilities of their children. If the subject was distracted or did not have full concentration or found something trivial about the model are less likely to behave in the way. Are all our actions alike performed by the one predominant faculty, or are there three faculties operating severally in our different actions? Plus they had a control group which were exposed to no violence, then would place the children in the room and see if they imitate the same behaviour they had observed. While not discounting that genetic tendency may exist, supporters of the nurture theory believe they ultimately don't matter and that our behavioral traits originate only from the environmental factors of our upbringing.

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Nature VS Nurture Flashcards

explain the nature vs nurture debate

How do we become who we are? New research into epigenetics—the science of how the environment influences genetic expression—is changing the conversation. The truth is, neither behaviorism nor psychoanalysis is incompatible with genetic influences on behavior, and neither Freud nor Skinner was naive about the importance of organic processes in behavior. Sickle-cell carriers have one copy of the sickle-cell gene but do not have full-blown sickle-cell anemia. Behavioural theory assumes that children imitate what they hear, and thanks to continuous, positive reinforcement, children learn language through conditioning and habit formation. In fact, even the great violinist might have some inborn qualities—perfect pitch, or long, nimble fingers—that support and reward her hard work. In your family, how did these similarities and differences develop? This creates a distinct advantage for individuals best suited for their environments in terms of successful reproduction and genetic transmission. In parts of Africa where malaria is prevalent, having the sickle-cell mutation does provide health benefits for carriers protection from malaria.

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Nature and Nurture Explanations of Human Behaviour

explain the nature vs nurture debate

These questions are central to the age-old nature-nurture debate. But here begins a difficulty. Again, this is a nature theory of human behaviour because it supports the belief that our behaviour is pre-programmed to a large extent. Kent Karieva likes to fall out of trees. Unlike the static conception of nature or nurture, epigenetic research demonstrates how genes and environments continuously interact to produce characteristics throughout a lifetime. Learning does not result always in a change of behaviour Not all of the behaviours observed were actually learned, attention, retention and motivation are the key features in this section.

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First Language Acquisition Theories: Nature vs. Nurture

explain the nature vs nurture debate

Did you learn these from your parents or was it predetermined by your? In both fields, it is understood that genes not only code for particular traits, but also contribute to certain patterns of cognition and behavior. This is precisely the situation that Charles Darwin describes in the theory of evolution by natural selection Figure 6. If genetics didn't play a part, then fraternal twins, reared under the same conditions, would be alike, regardless of differences in their genes. For I presume the state has not received them from any other source. Fraternal twins are ordinary siblings who happen to have been born at the same time. He cannot live without a world. The material below forms part of lesson one of an eight lesson introduction to Sociology.

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Nature and Nurture

explain the nature vs nurture debate

If a population consisted of identical individuals, then any dramatic changes in the environment would affect everyone in the same way, and there would be no variation in selection. So, a given gene may code for the trait of hair color, and the different alleles of that gene affect which hair color an individual has. Whence comes it by that vast store which the busy and boundless fancy of man has painted on it with an almost endless variety? Nevertheless, numbers that provide simple answers to complicated questions tend to have a strong influence on the human imagination, and a great deal of time has been spent discussing whether the heritability of intelligence or personality or depression is equal to one number or another. How can we tell them apart? If you have a sibling, is his or her personality like yours? One uses nature to explain behaviour, the other uses nurture. The question is, which is the best explanation? The changed shape of these cells affects how they function: sickle-shaped cells can clog blood vessels and block blood flow, leading to high fever, severe pain, swelling, and tissue damage. While not denying the role of biology in explaining some aspects of human behaviour, sociology very much emphasises the role of society nurture rather than nature in explaining human action.

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