Its principal forms may be discussed as follows: The Tribal State: The state could not be distinguished from the tribe at the earliest stage of its evolution. The theory of , which was formulated in the late 1960s, revealed that the configuration and position of the continents and oceans are , rather than static, features of Earth. That is: given a certain population, those individuals who are more fit to the selective pressure s by their habitat in a given time and space will leave more descendants than those less fit In short, Lamarck thought that changes were acquired during the life of a parent organism and then transmitted to their offspring while Darwin deducted that changes were already present in the parent organisms, and that the best adapted to that situation survived to breed, which meant that those genetic changes become common in the following generations. Many matters are less certain, others are conjectural, and still others—such as the characteristics of the first living things and when they came about—remain completely unknown. Strictly speaking the feudal state was not at all a state. Only people that don't understand evolution ever use those terms. From this idea he proposed, in the early years of the 19th century, the first broad theory of evolution.
Divine Right Theory The divine right theory holds that God created the state and gave certain individuals of royal birth the divine right to rule. However, the controversy over 'inheritance' of acquired characters still continues. Among polyploidy, tetraploidy is most common. But the rise of civilization, art and science, division of power and private property came into existence that further leads to rise of inequalities. There is no other rational way to account for their molecular uniformity when numerous structures are equally likely. Evolutionary Theory- developed out of the early family 3.
When human wants, economic, social and political, increased through the combination of diverse circumstances and conditions, the State, territorially established and forming a distinct group of people independent of others, became more complex in form, more universal in its range of activities, more indispensable to the needs of mankind. Specifically, in social contract theory, the community population and the leader have a contract. They strained their neck for several generations with a very strong inner feeling to have longer neck. Such a struggle is severe because the needs of the competing organisms are identical. Force: Force also played an important part in the development of the state. The city-state could not develop on the lines of oriental empires.
The basic elements of matter and energy in the world are neither created, nor destroyed but conserved. People professing separate identities clamored for separate states for them. Take the example of whales — using evolution as their guide and knowing how natural selection works, biologists knew that the transition of early whales from land to water occurred in a series of predictable steps. Sacred wishes simply to declare that the world was created by God, and in order to teach this truth it expresses itself in the terms of the cosmology in use at the time of the writer. The group had already set up a government; it acquired territoriality as well. The Natural Theory - man's urge toward being part of the community.
Finally, there are a number of examples in which there is reduction in the size of organs e. It must, however, be remembered that not any one of these influences has worked in isolation from others in the process of State building. Many Bible scholars and theologians have long rejected a literal interpretation as , however, because the Bible contains incompatible statements. It explains the state is the product of growth, a slow and steady evolution extending over a long period of time and ultimately shaping itself into the complex structure of a modern state. Thus men agree unanimously to come together as a community and pool their natural powers to uphold one another's rights. According to him animal has to struggle to preserve its existence. His theory is based on the inheritance of acquired characters which are defined as the changes variations developed in the body of an organism from normal characters, in response to the changes in environment, or in the functioning use and disuse of organs, in their own life time, to fulfill their new needs.
Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau are chief exponents of social contract theory. The application of force also gave territoriality to modern states. The force, the elements of matter, the motion are never lost in the process of change. Process was repeated for a number of generations. We may conclude with Burgess that the state is the gradual and continuous development of human society out of a grossly imperfect beginning through crude but improving forms of manifestation towards a perfect and universal organization of mankind.
So according to Lamarck, an existing individual is the sum total of the characters acquired by a number of previous generations and the speciation is a gradual process. Whose fossils had already been discovered. List and explain the three types of power that a government exercises? Jean-Jacques Rousseau, born on June 28, 1712 in Geneva, Switzerland. The neo-Darwinians differentiated the germplasm from somatoplasm and proposed the 'germplasm concept'. Germ cells may be formed from the somatic cells indicating similar nature of chromosomes and gene make up in two cell lines e. Religion appeared in the world in different forms at different stages of history. List and explain the three types of power that a government exercises? Eventhough the views of Lamarck are not fully accepted, he occupies a very important place in the history of evolutionary thought.
Darwin's Theory of Evolution is the widely held notion that all life is related and has descended from a common ancestor: the birds and the bananas, the fishes and the flowers -- all related. The transitional forms are well preserved as fossils, as are many other kinds of extinct horses that evolved in different directions and left no living descendants. Peru and Mexico were the states of empires in the western hemisphere. The name of the common ancestor was the symbol of kinship. He invented slavery as a substitute for cannibalism.