Heavy punishments were inflicted on the peasants by the lords. It was impossible to carry on government under the circumstances. Further, it claimed the right of each parish, and, as a consequence, of the townships, to autonomy. News of his death spread all throughout Europe. They had the option of making fixed annual grants or abonnements in the case of new taxes which enabled them to evade full liability.
There were more, but that's what I could come up with off the top of my head. The deputies from the Third Estate declared themselves the National Assembly. The major cause of the French Revolution was the disputes between the different types of social classes in French society. She was very beautiful and luxury-loving lady and exercised a great influence upon her husband. Doing things for yourself and forgetting the government was among the people.
Defective Administration The French administration was not being properly carried on. An enthusiasm for the natural greatness of man and a boundless contempt for the age of society in which he lived pervaded the thought of the time. France was the heart of the movement. The financial crisis had become a political crisis as well, and the French Revolution loomed just beyond the horizon. There are so many traces that suggest the cause of the revolution.
They had acquired the right of registering royal edicts and ordinances. There were many factors that contributed to the spark of the revolution. The right of collection was given to the highest bidder and the collectors paid the fixed amount to the Government and tried to enrich themselves as much as they could at the cost of the peasants. They managed the churches, monasteries and educational institutions of France. Sacreo duties have been left undone, and infamous behaviour tolerated. Her Austrian origin was a disaster both to herself and her husband. They served in the army of the kings and were responsible for maintaining law and order within their locality.
There was confusion not only in the field of laws but also in the field of law-courts. However, it was the French lower classes that lead the French revolution, as opposed to the American upper class that lead the American Revolution. It is to be observed that the aims of the English revolutions were mainly political. France raised most of its tax revenue internally, with a notable deficit regarding external customs. He had a monopoly of practically all the jobs in the army and the Church. The price of salt was not uniform and varied from place to place and thereby added to the hardships of the people. This was the most regressive of all the taxes.
Age of Enlightenment, American Revolutionary War, Estates of the realm 976 Words 3 Pages. They read Plutarch and Rousseau. Some American diplomats, like and , had lived in Paris, where they consorted freely with members of the French intellectual class. The people of France were suffering because the interests of the Crown were divorced from those of the state, because the nobles no longer fought and the clergy no longer prayed and all of them broke the social contract. The society was divided into 3 estates. Although scholarly debate continues about the exact causes of the Revolution, the following reasons are commonly adduced: 1 the resented its exclusion from political power and positions of honour; 2 the peasants were acutely aware of their situation and were less and less willing to support the anachronistic and burdensome feudal system; 3 the philosophes had been read more widely in France than anywhere else; 4 French participation in the had driven the government to the brink of ; 5 France was the most populous country in Europe, and crop failures in much of the country in 1788, coming on top of a long period of economic difficulties, existing restlessness; and 6 the French , no longer seen as , was unable to adapt to the political and societal pressures that were being exerted on it. The Storming of Bastille inspired many other French citizens to take up against the royal king and queen.
He was a deist and he attacked Christian bigotry and fanaticism and stood for religious toleration. Helvetius propounded the doctrine that self-interest dictates both the conduct and the views of men, and the attainment of pleasure is their final aim. Its area under cultivation, productivity per unit area, level of industrialization, and gross national product about 14% of the continental European product, excluding Russia, and 6% to 10% above the level elsewhere in Europe all placed France near the very top of the scale. It influenced the whole human society. The First and Second Estate were filled with many high class and church members. The Clergy belonged to the First Estate.
Causes of the French Revolution The French Revolution, which started in 1789, had a variety of different causes. Intellectual Causes- Political thinkers like Rousseau, Voltaire, Montesquieu, Locke etc. They were profoundly influenced by the philosophy of Rousseau, Voltaire and Montesquieu. Age of Enlightenment, Estates of the realm, French Revolution 1066 Words 5 Pages The French Revolution: Why and how did it start? The Leading Causes of the French Revolution Thesis: The inequality between estates, the rising prices in bread, and the creation of the Tennis Court Oath were all main causes of the French Revolution. Another tax was the Corvee or road tax.
Calonne was succeeded by his chief critic, , , but the fundamental situation was unchanged: the government had no credit. In the absence of any uniform system there was confusion all around. The king, the queen, the royal children and the brothers, sisters and aunts of the king had their separate establishments. This amounted to about 5 per cent of all incomes. Monarchs of European nations feared that the Revolution would spread. Although France in 1785 faced economic difficulties, mostly concerning the equitability of taxation, it was one of the richest and most powerful nations of Europe.