This article attempts to provide a broader understanding of these two schools while emphasizing the differences. The main fields deal with the different approaches used by various psychologists throughout history. He suggested that the actualizing tendency is the driving force behind human behavior. The ego and superego occupy consciousness and the preconscious. It appears early in life by the operations of four basic functions :- 1 thinking 2 feeling 3 sensing 4 intuition In addition there are two attitudes that determine the orientation of the conscious mind the Extroversion and the Intraversion. In the humanistic approach in counselling there is a vital importance that the core conditions between client and counselling are present from the outset for the relationship to exist.
These involve needs for both self-esteem and for the esteem a person gets from others. On the other hand, psychoanalysis emphasizes the centrality of the human mind. Needs for Esteem - When the first three classes of needs are satisfied, the needs for esteem can become dominant. The learning approach also suggests that there are no learning develops in the human from the beginning rather the human enters the world as a clean slate and then learns from the environment through interaction. In addition, if Camus is the bright person of the French literature, his most brilliant novels are The Outsider and The Plague. Rogers believed that all humans have a natural desire for personal growth and potential so that they can take responsibility for their own actions and the way they live their lives. This is the seeing, hearing, feeling, and emotional body of data within each of us.
·Projection: attributing uncomfortable feelings to others. Abraham Maslow is another theorist whose contribution to the Person Centred Approach is very significant. Those three simple words are devoid of any of the emotional turmoil that usually accompanies the sad event. The reaction from the other person he called the Transaction Response. It focuses on the interactions of things like desires, impulses, anxieties, and defenses within the mind. It involves behavior that occurs as an automatic response to.
Therapy includes free association, the analysis of resistance and transference, dream analysis and interpretation and is usually long term. It does not involve giving advice or directing a client to take a particular course of action. Intellectualization: taking an objective viewpoint. Needs of Love, Affection and Belongingness — When the needs for safety and for physiological well-being are satisfied, the next class of needs for love, affection and belongingness can emerge. This harbors the fears, selfish needs, violent motives, immoral urges so and so forth. ·Rationalization: creating false but credible justifications. Psychodynamic Model, Psychodynamic Model Essay writi.
Many educators have attempted to define learning. The urges that drive us emanate from our unconscious and we are driven by them to repeat patterns of behaviour. It was during this conference that the third force in psychology was named and the humanistic approach was born. Probably every counselor Counseling Theories. The Comparison between Psychodynamic and Humanistic Theory There are very distinct differences between Psychodynamic and Humanistic Counselling but both ultimately offer the help and guidance to discover why we act the way we do and why we make certain choices in our lives. By changing thoughts, we can change the way in which we react to situations and events.
Humanists and psychodynamicists not only differ in their goals, but also in their views on personality as well. Freud developed psychodynamics to explain the processes of the mind and how psychological energy flows in a brain. The Psychodynamic approach is a stark contrast. He said that verbal communication, particularly face to face, is at the centre of human social relationships and psychoanalysis. Carl Rogers, born in 1902, was the originator of the Person Centred Approach or Humanistic Theory.
·Displacement: redirecting emotions to a substitute target. The Person-Centred Approach Originator: Carl Rogers 1902 — 1987 focuses on the belief that we are all born with an innate ability for psychological growth if external circumstances allow us to do so. All of these terms generally mean an act of Disobeying a law or a legal order. Main function is to curb he demands of the id. The Psychodynamic Approach to personality also known as dynamic psychology is the approach to psychology of personality that helps systematically study the psychological forces that develop and direct human behaviours, feelings and the perception as well as emotions. The psychodynamic view is more negative and pessimistic, whereas the humanistic view is that mostly all people are good. Perls believed in minipulating the client, bringing them out of their comfort zone and challenging them.
In contrast, the differences in the process of change between the Psychodynamic Approach and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy in the Psychodynamic Approach the process of change would involve encouraging clients to look into their past with a view to uncovering repressed or significant events and memories and their associated feelings. He developed Analytical Psychology and it consists of the following; The collective unconscious — This is the deepest part of the psyche which contains all experiences that are inherited. . Title — Critically compare and contrast two counselling theories Module code- Cg2030 Module tutor — Phill Goss Word count-2500 Counselling takes place when a counsellor sees a client in a private and confidential setting to explore a difficulty a client is having, distress they may be experiencing or perhaps their dissatisfaction with life, or loss of a sense of direction and purpose. The approach is non-directive, allowing clients to reach. A psychodynamic approach provides a broad ran.