There were taxes such as taille land tax , aides and douanes customs duties , and gabelle salt tax. It is worth noting that he is known as Ivan the Terrible in the English-speaking world because he was given the surname Grozny, which means mighty, powerful and strict , not cruel, horrible or inadequate. As she grew older she also became extremely vain: there was some excuse, as the most distinguished minds of Europe heaped flatteries on her that even she ultimately found exaggerated. Both Catharine and Peter wanted to modernize Russia based on their education in western europe. It is currently demolished although there are ongoing efforts to reconstruct this fortress. Sophia received an invitation to Russia from Elizabeth the Great. At the time he did not know if his new Russia would be permanent, but looking back he changed everything.
Her mother arranged for her to marry Peter of Holstein-Gottorp, her second cousin, who was the nephew of Elizabeth Empress of Russia in 1741 and grandson of Peter the Great. His son, also called Ivan,got into a heated argument, which led to his father taking hispointed staff and striking him with it on November 16, 1581. Her interests and enthusiasms ranged from construction projects to lawmaking and the collection of art objects; she touched on everything, not always happily but always passionately. Peasants who were drafted had a 25 year term of military service. He returned to Russia with ideas and drive.
Petersburg at the delta of the river Neva after he defeated Sweden. His goals for a perfect westernized nation included a proper military system, a suitable form of legislation as well as having a scientifically knowledgeable public. She tried to improve education and have a stronger local government. The only part that remained is a small gate. He loved to wear birds wings as a necklace.
Peter first founded the city of St. Devoted to much pleasure and luxury and greatly desirous of giving her court the brilliancy of a European court, Elizabeth prepared the way for Catherine. They made great improvements to the armies and social aspects of the kingdom. Peter the Great and Catherine the Great both recognized this and tried to change it. During the time without any ruler Russia was subject to political instability that dealt with many coups and assassinations. He also was said to have beaten his pregnantdaughter-in-law, causing a miscarriage. After his death, no ruler could compare to his greatness, until 1762.
When the French Revolution started, Catherine started to stop and even reverse her reforms because she disliked having her policies criticized. . Both of these Russian rulers killed many of their own people, and abused the nobility, but other than that, they were quite different. In doing so she launched attacks against Poland, Russia joined with Prussia and Austria, these countries destroyed Poland. Catherine the Great was a powerful woman who managed to throw her own husband off the throne and claim it for herself.
Catherine wanted to continue the movement of westernization of the Russian. Petersburg, Catherine then became Empress Consort of Russia. However, when he was 16, he was crowned as Tsar of All Russia, on January 16th, 1547, maintaining this position until his death 37 years later, on March 28th, … 1584. He invented the term etiquette for cards he passed out telling guests what was permitted at his gatherings. They were both rulers committed to modernizing Russia so that it could compete with it's European neighbors and while Peter was the first to try to institute western ideas through government and military tactics, Catherine continued this reform and also instituted more cultural reforms; however both reforms took a toll on the peasantry, but in the end it was worth it to hurt the peasantry in order modernize Europe. From 1638-1786, there were three absolute monarchs. Compare and Contrast of Two Absolute Monarchs Catherine the Great vs Peter the Great Tsarina of Russia 1762-96 Catherine the Great Information about Catherine Compare Peter tried to regulate Russian society through public ceremony and legislation,while Catherine promoted the internal mechanisms of behavior regulation.
He took young people for studies in Western Europe,made the first news paper,bringed wise people to his country. In many countries, after religious wars, monarchs had gained new powers; reducing the pressure from nobles and chances of revolt. Peter the Great was an absolutist ruler because of a want for power and a belief that the power was his by right. He wanted a russian navy in the model of the dutch and make Russia an european empire. Catherine made Russia the dominant power in south-eastern Europe after her first war against the Ottoman Empire. However, one Czar is remembered for doing a great number of things for the country.
First, a terrible plague broke out in ; along with the hardships imposed by the war, it created a climate of disaffection and popular agitation. And when they judge Catherine the woman, they treat her severely. Louis spent this money on his wars. He reformed the system of peasantry, put the Russian Orthodox Church under government control, changed the calendar, reorganized the draft, and fought several wars to expand Russian lands and establish a full-time European seaport that didn't freeze in the winter. Peter the Great tried to modernize Russia.