But we have to explore this further. In this workshop, you are introduced to frugal innovation: a paradigm of innovation that considers resource constraints as an opportunity to develop novel, locally relevant interventions to local problems. Using primary and secondary data, we intend to study the relationships between various kinds of networks that innovators form at different stages of innovation. Dr Peter Knorringa International Institute of Social Studies, Erasmus University. This research is exploratory in nature and we mostly use qualitative data for our analysis. Format Frugal Innovations are value-sensitive design and marketing strategies that bring relatively sophisticated products, services and systems within the reach of the billions of poorer and emerging new middle class consumers.
This Early Career Day will take place on the 9th of November, from 9:00-17:00 in Leiden, the Netherlands. Yet Indian technology requires much more skills, due to poor product quality they break down very quickly. Frugal innovation concerns value-sensitive design and marketing strategies that bring sophisticated products within the reach of relatively poorer consumers, through re-engineering and re-inventing high-value consumer products. André Leliveld: Frugal Innovations are innovations for resource constrained environments that can be placed on the junction of affordability and good enough quality while still having basic functionality The challenge is not simply to provide stripped down versions to poorer consumers, but instead to provide value sensitive innovations without sacrificing user value. What explains the non- success factors, have you looked beyond tilling? Moreover, when frugal innovation and the technologies and strategies it involves are fully developed in the headquarters of Western or Chinese, Indian or Brazilian companies without any interaction with local entrepreneurs, these strategies are less likely to be beneficial or successful in Africa. Sara Grobbelaar is an Associate Professor in the Department of Industrial Engineering at Stellenbosch University. I appreciate that you try to rule out the unexpected consequences of the technological innovation.
Of late, scholarship in development economics has captured its knowledge component. Moreover, successful frugal innovations are increasingly co-produced in so-called polycentric networks of innovation, which link entrepreneurs, designers, financiers, manufacturers and distributors from various parts of the globe. In contrast to most policy and academic approaches on the issue, my claim is that there exists a vast store of knowledge in the informal sector alongside well-established though poorly understood institutions of knowledge transfer and skill formation. The perceived backwardness of Africa regarding technology may be challenged by studies from the informal sector because they suggest that innovation does exist. The farmers hired as machine operators are not only women. The problem is that the tactile measurements hand on forehead are very unreliable. For example, developing much cheaper and more robust weather stations in cooperation with African universities or improved access to micro-credit through innovative mobile-phone services.
Yet, the focus of innovation studies is exclusively on the exchange value, scalability and large-scale commercialization of innovations thereby overlooking informal sector innovations. Q: Is this case an example of frugal innovation? Through re-engineering, re-inventing or stripping down high-value consumer products and dramatically lowering their unit consumer price, a significantly extended range of products is made affordable for the roughly four billion consumers at the Bottom of the Pyramid BoP , of whom about 500 million live in Africa. Through re-engineering and re-inventing high-value consumer products and dramatically lowering their unit consumer price, a significantly extended range of products can be made affordable for the roughly four billion consumers at the Bottom or Base of the Pyramid BoP. This conclusion relies on two empirical facts: the low levels of formal education and training among informal sector workers and low wages as well as low productivity prevailing in this sector. Both countries are experiencing the problem of imbalanced development and increasing social and economic disparity in society. The informal economy is emerging as a new normal.
This work proposes that more suitable theoretical analysis, which supports policies directed to encourage productivity in the informal sector, would emerge if new variables such as institutional arrangements were incorporated in the analysis and if some assumptions are modified — particularly those related to agent rationality — in the analysis of these social phenomenon. However, what lies behind their sustained competitive edge has remained unexplored. We conducted an ethnographic study and followed the actors engaged in bamboo shoots processing for 4 years. This entry was posted in , on by. More information Registration is open until the 25th of June. The editors consider these two trends to be major entries for future research on frugal innovation and development. While the top-down business and management literature on frugal innovation has claimed developmental relevance, the editors, André Leliveld and Peter Knorringa, give at least equal importance to much longer-standing bottom-up development studies discourses on grass-root innovation, bricolage, and livelihood strategies.
This paper considers the cases of two countries, India and Russia, and investigates the occurrence and development of inclusive innovation in the socioeconomic, cultural, and historical context of these countries. We feel that a shift from gender mainstreaming to gender justice in international development theory, policy and practice contexts is a worthwhile point of departure for discussion and focus. Such policies have taken the form of various kinds of formal and informal networks involving innovation. This paper, through an extensive review of the literature on the subject, attempts to find out the other non-economic and methodological explanations, which have led to the marginalization of informal sector innovations. A hundred and two semi-structured interviews were conducted with participants of the industry. We will put our minds to innovative and creative solutions combining academia and practice with frugal innovation and design thinking.
Designing products aimed at people living in developing or emerging markets is challenging. Frugal innovation is quite a new field of study, which may mean that it can be difficult to find peers with whom to discuss and exchange knowledge. Q: Did you investigate female farmers, how they cope with machines? The paper shows that in addition to the cohort of informal workers who fail to get formal jobs because they are not qualified, there is a cohort of informal workers who fail to get formal jobs even though they are qualified. Consumers aspire northern technology but they cannot afford it. They also do not meet the needs of low income households and communities. The academic perspective is followed up by practical expertise and a case study. The other main researchers are Prof.
This article aims to analyze the potentialities that ethnographical approaches have in facing these challenges, and multi-sited and digital ethnographical approaches in particular. . These experiments have a dual objective: to develop working, marketable innovations, but also to provide input for theories concerning frugal innovation and development. Which international or domestic actors initiate innovation networks in Africa with regard to frugal innovations? What are the developmental implications of frugal innovations for Africa? The key objective of the paper is to analyse the concepts of jugaad'' and grassroot innovations, the two most popular terms in the context of informal sector innovation in India, examine the nature of innovative efforts they embody, and the socio-economic values generated by these activities. As a consequence, the effectiveness of the power tillers was limited.
Q: Is technological change in developing countries different from that in developed countries? Finally, they discuss the relevance of a frugal innovation lens in how two major global trends are impacting upon global development opportunities: the global diffusion of 3rd and 4th Industrial Revolution digital technologies and global population dynamics. Results show that networks keep changing and have vital effects on the innovation in the informal sector. However, it also faces at least three methodological challenges, namely: the need for empirical strategies to analyze inclusive innovations, the need to conduct symmetrical cutting-edge research in both theory and methods rather than giving lopsided emphasis to one or the other, and the need to adequately grasp the multiple, multi-sited and mobile character of social phenomena as well as the diverse impacts of digital culture in our lives stemming from globalization. Such an analysis, we argue, will help us better appreciate the complexities of the informal sector in the Indian economy and open new vistas to understand innovative behaviour. At the core of frugal innovation is design.
The chosen mode of diffusion of each innovation has been correlated to socio-economic backgrounds, origins of knowledge of the innovators, their motivations, the fields and domains of knowledge application, and product designs characteristics. This embodies the Western assumption of what fever is. We think the two concepts partly overlap. Then we have a problem with the ownership issue, who is the owner of the device then? When looking at the household statistics, the tasks are equally distributed between the genders. The tillers were very cheap but had high maintenance costs. Read more about the Centre for Frugal Innovation in Africa.