The Inca Empire was conquered by Spanish Forces soon after their arrival in 1532. Pachacuti, the 9th Incan ruler, created an authoritative central rule to calm the large empire. The Aztec wandered for many years before settling in the valley in 1200's. The Aztecs and Incas were two Pre-Columbian Mesoamerican civilizations that roamed the land of Latin America throughout 14th and 15th century. The Incan civilization is located in the Andes Mountains of South America. The two Mesoamerican civilizations burgeoned independently of each other with no cultural or religious swap. They all hunted… 788 Words 4 Pages Mayan, Inca, and Aztec Civilizations The Mayan, Inca, and Aztec civilizations each originated from Latin America.
In my essay I will talk about three ancient civilizations, the Mayas, the Incas, and the Aztecs. Art, Religion, and innovations help to advance and create the world we live today. They would only sacrifice a human during a famine, war, etc. The gods first shrine was built on a spot wherepriests found an eagle poised upon a rock anddevouring a snake. They used the materials for the foundations of their colony, New Spain. The Inca Empire exerted authority over its subject through a means of public labor.
The Maya had two calendars, one with 260 days and the other with 365 days, meant that the two would calendars would return to the same cycle. Well first of all, both the Inca and the Aztec performed human sacrifices to the gods. Many years before the Aztec empire was created, the heart of the Maya civilization was also developing. These other native groups had no chance against the Aztec or the Inca, let alone t. Since their food wasn't sold, but was rather redistributed by the government, this led to much less trade than in the Aztec civilization, since the Aztecs actually traded and bartered for other things. By 1325 they began to settle. Cuzco is the capital city of the Incas and it is ruled by an emperor.
So it took something like 50 years of fighting by two generations of Spaniards to establish a fragile rule over the peninsula by defeating enough of those states. The narratives of Mesoamerica was about creation tales, narratives of the gods and goddesses, account of the earth and sky, also stories associated with fertility, imagining the afterlife and harvest. At the time, the area that they controlled was known as Tenochtitlan. And of course, both empires were conquered by the same catholic empire; the Spanish. As you can see, each of these civilizations had common traits but also a number of features that distinguished them. The creator god ofhumanity represented duality bynature.
So the only civilization known for their writings are the Mayans. The Aztecs received food crops and manufactured items from the nearby peoples. In contrast, the Inca social structure was based on equality. During the middle decades of the fifteenth century, the military elite that ruled much of Tenochtitlan, the Aztecs launched ambitious campaigns of imperial expansion. Empire spanned fromEcuador to Chile. The emperor was atop this step latter.
The Inca had a problem with land also. The earth was divided into four quadrants and the four quadrants met at the main temple Templo Mayor of Tenochtitlan, the Aztecs capital. The Mayans developed a calendar and a writing system based on a hieroglyphic system. Their government was a whole lot different from any other of the civilizations. At first, they were subjects of people who lived in the area, but later, in the mid 1300's, the Aztec founded their own city, Tenochtitlan. In the Aztec empire by the early fifteenth century the Aztecs were powerful enough to overcome their immediate neighbors and demand tribute.
The Incan Empire was a civilization along the coast of South America that conquered neighboring regions through their military strengths. The cult of Quetzalcoatlreached the Maya zone, where he isknown as Kukulkan. The Inca king was considered to be a near god by the people. The sacrifices were an important aspect of the Aztec religion. Both empires were enormous, the Incan Empire ended up being the largest state in South America.
This will fail horribly and the Aztecs shall not take this lightly. This temple was also rendezvous point for the supernatural forces of the heaven, the earth and the underworld. I will say a little… The Maya, Inca, and Aztec civilizations each originated from Latin America. Despite these two empires similarities the Inca had the more powerful empire. In the Mayan Yucatán the last major Mayan city state, Mayapan, had collapsed circa 1440, and power was decentralized into many small states.
The Aztecs sacrificed several thousand people to the gods each year, often in brutal ways. Volunteers who chose to die for their religion were set to one year of anticipation but you would live a very lavish life up to their sacrificial murder. Its economy is based on agriculture and trade. They called themselves Technocas or Mexica. There were 20 signs, and 13 numbers. Neither empire had developed a written language, but they did come up with a way to remember things and keep records. In Mexico the Spaniards found a very stable empire called the Aztecs; the Aztec empire controlled a region stretching from the Valley of Mexico in central Mexico east to the Gulf of Mexico and south to Guatemala.