An Aristotelian teleological account will surely care about the telos of the living thing in order for us to gauge how we should treat and act toward it. Aristotle, Art, Human 1715 Words 5 Pages Plato vs. Reading the philosophers was a fascinating exercise in the metaplasticity of potentiality and in ethnographic reflexivity. If we can determine a specific individual's true reasons for making his or her choice, our evaluation would, of course, have greater accuracy. Because it is contextual, but not relativistic. Ancient greeks might then see the anti abortion position based on vices that are counter productive to building a strong character Paging Mr.
In later life he married a second time a woman named Perpyllis, who bore him a son, named Nichomachus after his father. Space prohibits consideration of the potentiality implied by the Church in the marriage relationship. If the analysis of the connection between abortion and moral character is correct, it should help us in understanding the moral dimensions of abortion; it may even provide terms for fresh and fruitful discussion. Damien speaks to this a bit above, and I have just now been re-reading one of his favourite authors, Edward Feser, and his book on the new atheism, showing how the rejection of Plato and Aristotle and Augustine and Aquinas has led to pretty much all our mess of today. The value of reading this material for one who wishes to get an idea of what enters into the abortion decision and the abortion experience is inestimable. This idea mostly settles in the consequences of actions and how you may respond on them.
Since reason can only go so far in its ability to determine ethics, this paper will explain that Singer also misses the point; rather, striving to be virtuous demonstrates that abortion is morally wrong. Again, the reasons which one gives for one's action are of decisive importance. Philosophers are divided on this issue with some analyzing it as justified true beliefs while others differ and say that justified true belief does not constitute knowledge. The preoccupation with embryos can be traced, at least in part, to an activist orientation on the part of potentiality theorists who work within the framework of Catholic moral philosophy. Again, those involved in such relationships seem to be characterized by irresponsibility, and confusion about what they really want -- which results in them being quite manifestly dishonest both with themselves and with their partners. Aristotle in his Nicomachean Ethics explained how an individual formed his or her moral character, by drawing upon his favorite analogy of health. But in the case of mankind alone of all animals the times are diverse, for pregnancy may be of 7 months' duration or of 8 months or of 9 and still more commonly of 10 lunar months, whilst some women go even into the eleventh month.
Perhaps unsurprisingly, the Father of Western Philosophy was charged with blasphemy and corrupting the minds of youths and sentenced to death. Like Aaron, thanks for the reply. I am anxious to hear them. This would be an argument against adultery based on the moral characteristics of those who commit the act of adultery. Those seeking to assess the morality of abortion, those seeking to find some other ground for discussion and understanding about the morality of abortion would do well to ponder what kind of moral judgment goes into choosing an abortion, what kind of moral character results from an abortion. If I had it my way, I would not have considered the mother's life less than the child's, nor would I have determined that society did not have a responsibility to protect its least fortunate citizens. Most of those who subscribe to the values of feminism tend to judge the women who choose abortion to be acquiring some admirable characteristics such as self-assertiveness, rational control over their lives, independence.
Are they, for instance, honest, temperate, kind, etc. For those who share this perspective, one of the foremost questions to be asked by the moral agent in determining the rightness or wrongness of an act is: What kind of person will I become if I do this act? I would argue that within Virtue Ethics, abortion could be seen as the right action for a number of reasons. That is, to be a human is to be a person. With your permission I will send extracts and a link to all on my email list. Pro-Life Feminism The analysis here has been based upon a reading of the testimonies of women who have had abortions, testimony gathered almost exclusively by those who themselves believe abortion to be morally permissible.
America Abortion was common in most of colonial America, but it was kept secret because of strict laws against unmarried sexual activity. Roman Catholic moral philosophy is its own vibrant subfield practiced by philosophers, ethicists, and theologians, many of whom are located in Catholic universities and think tanks and who closely follow Vatican policy. Aristotle has traditionally occupied a secondary role in the history of classical Greek education. With those who do not share our analysis of the character of adulterers, we would be interested in comparing the reasons for the differing judgments. For both Plato and Aristotle the good appears to be happiness.
We created you from dust, then from a drop of fluid nutfah , then a clinging form 'alaqah , then a lump of flesh mudghah , both shaped and unshaped: We mean to make Our power clear to you. Through doing so they realizes their differences in what they believe. Therefore they offer many possible starting points for when personhood begins, such as animation, viability, birth, and so on. Because of the reasons given we would judge one individual to be generous, the other to be manipulative and perhaps a phoney. I think it's just killing all the way through. Birth is, in Aristotelian terms, an accidental change, a shift in location and type of dependency, but not a substantial change.
Paxson, personal communication, 2012; see also Testa et al. Since then, makes no distinction as regards excommunication between stages of pregnancy at which abortion is performed. So similarly we could argue that, as a rational adult, I should be legally responsible for the intended and unintended consequences of engaging in sexual relations? Therefore, she has accepted her risk of death and it is not unjust. One reason that an ethics of character needs so much explanation and defense in our time is that there seems to be little consensus on what qualities are to be considered virtues and vices. Comedy and Tragedy Comedy According to Aristotle who speculates on the matter in his Poetics , ancient comedy originated with the komos, a curious and improbable spectacle in which a company of festive males apparently sang, danced, and cavorted rollickingly around the image of a large phallus.
He then left Athens to spend the next five years in Asia Minor at the court of Hermeas, ruler of Atarneus in Mysia, whose niece and adopted daughter, Pythias, he married. Pro-life groups credited an increase in anti-abortion laws at the state level amongst other factors, although abortion rates dropped faster than the national average in some states that had not enacted abortion restrictions, such as Illinois, where the rate dropped by 18%. Harry: But surely you do not argue that the right of the fetus to life is an absolute? To maximize our happiness we must at least be living in accordance with moral virtues, and if there is time for moral contemplation, then it is a nice bonus. It is not disposed towards humanhood it is already occurantly a human and so should be entitled toward all the resultant rights. Pregnancy and abortion is, if anything, based on science, and it would obviously make more sense to understand as much as one could on the technical details that initially instigate these issues. By invoking potentiality qua potentiality to talk about reproductive futures, they draw legitimacy from classical roots, and they embed their solutions in metaphysics—that most exalted of epistemologies—while largely ignoring messy social complexities.