By 1900, the Chattanooga area and north Georgia and northern Alabama had experienced similar changes due to manufacturing booms in and at the edge of the Appalachian region. When the Appalachian Regional Commission was created in 1965, road construction was considered its most important initiative, and in subsequent decades the commission spent more on road construction than all other projects combined. Ten years in the making, this groundbreaking series tells the compelling story of how landscape shapes humans cultures and, in turn, how humans shape the land-- the dynamic interaction of natural history and human history. The region is home to one of the world's most well-known hiking trails the , the nation's most-visited national park the , and the nation's most visited national parkway the. Season 1, Episode 1 April 9, 2009 Season 1, Episode 1 April 9, 2009 A four-part history of the Appalachians, narrated by Sissy Spacek, begins with the area's plant and animal life, as well as its earliest human inhabitants. Faulkner's hometown of , is on the borderlands of what is considered Appalachia, but his fictional should be considered part of the region. The name was not commonly used for the whole mountain range until the late 19th century.
New green world -- The forest community -- The land -- French and Indian War -- Naturalist William Bartram -- Pathfinder Daniel Boone -- American Revolution -- Frontier changes -- Cherokee removal -- pt. In the early 20th century, Appalachian farmers were struggling to mechanize, and abusive farming practices had over the years left much of the already-limited farmland badly eroded. Large tunnels were built through mountain slopes at to speed up travel along. Most mining activity has been concentrated in eastern Kentucky, southwestern Virginia, West Virginia, and western Pennsylvania, with smaller operations in , and. Logging in Appalachia reached its peak in the early 20th century, when firms such as the Ritter Lumber Company cut the virgin forests on an alarming scale, leading to the creation of in 1911 and similar state entities to better manage the region's timber resources. In the 16th century, the de Soto and expeditions explored the mountains of South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Georgia, and encountered complex agrarian societies consisting of inhabitants.
In addition to numerous other awards, in 1998 he was named an honorary citizen of West Virginia for his long-term contributions to training geologists and to Appalachian geology. The region defined by the Commission currently includes 420 counties and eight in 13 states, including all of , 14 counties in , 52 in , 32 in , 3 in , 54 in , 25 counties and 8 in , 29 in , 52 in , 6 in , 37 in , 37 in , and 24 in. Encyclopedia of Appalachia Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2006 , pp. Southern Appalachian Storytellers: Interviews with Sixteen Keepers of the Oral Tradition. I just discovered your blog and find it very good and the pics pull at my heartstrings.
The commission is a partnership of federal, state, and local governments, and was created to promote economic growth and improve the quality of life in the region. Mountain revolutions -- Biological treasure -- Healing waters -- Mountain farms -- The Civil War -- Ripe for plucking -- Trees and timber -- Cherokee homeland -- King coal -- New questions -- pt. She wrote on a wide variety of subjects involving the culture and people of Appalachia. Encyclopedia of Appalachia Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2006 , p. Included: why Indians settled in the region; the consequences of Spanish conquistador Hernando de Soto's 1540 arrival and search for gold; the attempts of England, France and Spain to ally themselves with the indigenous peoples in early efforts to dominate the continent.
Performer s : Narrator, Sissy Spacek ; voice-overs, Reynolds Price, Joe Inscoe, Jan Knightly, Mike Vaniman, Roger Magendie ; featuring, E. In 1911, Congress passed the , giving the federal government authority to create east of the Mississippi River and control timber harvesting. Weatherford, a Southern leader who worked for racial peace and justice. In the 1970s and 1980s, the rise of authors like , , and brought greater literary diversity to the region. Mechanization of coal mining during the 1950s and 1960s was the major source of unemployment in central Appalachia.
The mountain terrain—with its accompanying scenery and outdoor recreational opportunities—provide the region's primary attractions. Although Swedes and Finns formed only a tiny portion of the Appalachian settlers it was Swedish and Finnish settlers of who brought the northern European woodsman skills such as construction which formed the basis of backwoods Appalachian material culture. In the southern part of the region, Atlanta and Nashville, flagship of the , were major stations for the region's population during the 20th century, and remain strong in the sub-region. This caused great difficulty for the new Unionist state government in , both during and after the war. Millions of tons of rock were removed to build road segments such as through the at the Tennessee-North Carolina state line and in. Time and terrain -- The mountains -- The forest -- The first people -- Europeans arrive -- The Cherokee -- Deerskin trade -- pt. On July 5, 1999, he made a public statement concerning the situation in.
Another instrument known in Appalachian culture was the which, in a practical way, is a guitar-shaped instrument laid on its side with a flat bottom and the strings plucked in a manner to make alternating notes. Today, dozens of annual music festivals held throughout the region preserve the Appalachian music tradition. Season 1, Episode 3 April 23, 2009 Season 1, Episode 3 April 23, 2009 An examination of the post-Civil War years, when Appalachia was plundered for its timber and coal, and consolidators often used nefarious methods to seize land. Ghost stories native to the region include the story of the , which is rooted in a , murder. He is the author or editor of nine books and more than 150 refereed publications. The Southern Appalachian dialect is considered part of the , although the two are distinguished by the nature of the Appalachian dialect. For a complete listing of participants,.
Appalachia also serves as the origin point for the kid, the protagonist of McCarthy's Western masterpiece. In reality, the leading participants were typically well-to-do local elites with networks of clients who were fighting for local political power. On March 9, 1965, the was created to further alleviate poverty in the region, mainly by diversifying the region's economy and helping to provide better health care and educational opportunities to the region's inhabitants. Included: a fungus that wiped out American chestnut trees in the first half the 1900s; the damage done by strip-mining; the environmental movement. Archived from on February 22, 2007.