Endocrine The endocrine system is a set of glands that works to transmit hormones directly through the cardiovascular system to be carried to specific organs. Major endocrine glands include the pituitary gland, pineal gland, pancreas, ovaries, testes, parathyroid gland, thyroid gland, adrenal glands, and hypothalamus. We highly encourage that you try to take the entire quiz on your own to see where you need focus more on from this point forward. This particular system differs dramatically between male and female, unlike other systems throughout the body, and is made up of ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, and vagina in females; urethra, penis, testes, ducts, and prostate for males. . Y into a seated position, propping her upright with pillows behind her head and chest. Its comprised of the bones, axial and appendicular skeletons, and joints.
Three patients had x-ray images taken while standing, two had images taken while sitting upright, four were directed to lie face up on the exam table, and five were directed to lie face down. We have laid out short descriptions of the systems of the human body and the most used prefixes to streamline the process. Skeletal The skeletal system forms the central structure of the human body is the foundation on which all other systems are based. National Institutes of Health and U. It also functions to excrete wastes, regulate temperature, and house the sensory receptors to detect pain, pressure, sensation, etc. Y arrives in the Emergency Department, she is lying on an ambulance stretcher and gasping for air. Its technically part of the nervous system and is responsible for sending environmental information to the sensory receptors of the brain.
Gastrointestinal The gastrointestinal system consists of the esophagus, mouth, stomach, small and large intestines, gonads, and pancreas. Knowledge of each of these systems is key to understanding medical terminology as it relates to each specific part of the body. Sensory The sensory system is made up of the eyes, ears, nose, receptors in the skin, and mouth. It is primarily made up of the brain, spinal cord, nerves, ganglia, and sensory organs. This word stems from the Greek word kardia.
These medical terms are commonly misspelled: Abscess, adolescence, alimentation, alopecia, Alzheimer, analyze, aneurysm, anorexia, arrhythmia, ascites, asphyxia, asystole, auscultation, callus, catheter, Caucasian, chickenpox, cirrhosis, curettage, decubitus, diabetes mellitus, diaphoresis, diaphragm, dilatation, diphtheria, eczema, effusion, elicit, epididymitis, fascia, flaccid, gallbladder, gangrene, gauge, gonorrhea, hemoptysis, hemorrhoid, humerus, hygiene, icterus, inoculate, intraocular, intussusception, ischemia, melanin, menstruation, oophorectomy, ophthalmology, orthopnea, pacemaker, palliative, palpate, palpitation, perineum, periosteum, peritoneum, peroneal, prosthesis, prostate, protocol, pruritus, rhythm, sagittal, sedentary, sequela, sieve, spleen, splenectomy, supersede, syncope, syphilis, tonsils, tonsillectomy, tricuspid, ventricle, vertical, and xiphoid. Integumentary The integumentary system is intended to shield the body from damage by waterproofing, cushioning, and protecting deeper tissues. It's been a busy morning in the Radiology Department. Common Medical Terminology Learning the proper medical terminology is fundamental to being able to function efficiently and effectively when working in the industry. A large group of medical terms are notorious for being difficult to spell. Its comprised of the skin, glands in the skin, hair, and nails.
Thus we find him after the battle of Dresden - itself a splendid example of its efficacy - suddenly reverting to the terminology of the school in which he had been brought up, which he himself had destroyed, only to revive again in the next few days and handle his forces strategically with all his accustomed brilliancy. Cardiovascular The cardiovascular system consists of the heart, blood, and blood vessels and works to circulate oxygenated blood throughout the body. Together with the skeleton, it comprises the musculoskeletal system which is, overall, responsible for movement. National Library of Medicine prefix, root, suffix meaning example -ache pain headache, backache, earache, toothache aden o gland, glandular tissue adenitis, adenotomy, adenoids, adenocarcinoma aer o air, with air, with oxygen, in gas aerobic, aerate, aerosol, aerocele alg- pain algometry, algogenic, algesic -algia pain gastralgia, neuralgia, arthralgia, fibromyalgia angi o blood vessel angioplasty, angioma, angiogenesis ante- before, forward, in front of antepartum, anteflexion, anteversion anti- against antihistamine, antiinflammatory, antipyretic arteri o artery arteriopathy, arteriosclerosis, arterial arthr o joint arthritis, arthrotomy, arthralgia -ase enzyme protease, urease, amylase, lactase audi o hearing audiogram, auditory, audiology brady- slow bradycardia, bradypnea, bradyphasia bronch o bronchial tube, bronchus bronchoscope, bronchospasm, bronchitis carcin o cancer carcinogen, carcinoma, carcinogenic cardi, cardia, cardio heart cardiac, cardiotonic, cardiovascular, cardiopathy -cele hernia, protrusion, tumor cystocele, meningocele, encephalocele -centesis surgical puncture amniocentesis, arthrocentesis, paracentesis cephal o head cephalogram, cephalalgia, cephalic cerebr o cerebrum, brain cerebrospinal, cerebral, cerebrovascular cervic o neck, cervix cervical, cervicectomy, cervicitis chol e bile, gall cholorrhea, cholecystogram, choleresis chondr o cartilage chondral, chondrotomy, hypochondriac -coccus, -cocci bacterium, bacteria, organism pneumococcus, gonococcus, streptococci col o colon colitis, colonoscopy, colotomy cortic o cortex corticosteroid, cortical, adrenocorticotropic cost o rib costal, intercostal, costectomy crani o skull, cranium craniometry, craniectomy, cranial cyan o blue, blueness cyanosis, cyanobacteria, acrocyanosis cyst o bladder cystoscopy, cystocele, cystitis cyt o cell cytology, cytoplasm, cytosome -cyte cell hepatocyte, leukocyte, microcyte, monocyte dent- tooth dental, dentist, dentistry derm o , dermat o skin dermis, dermatologist, dermatitis, acrodermatitis dipl o double, twofold diplopia, diplocardia, diploic, diplegia dors o back dorsal, dorsispinal, dorsolateral dys- difficult, abnormal, bad, painful dysfunction, dysplasia, dyspnea, dyschromia -ectomy excision, removal, to cut out appendectomy, thrombectomy, gastrectomy -emia blood condition anemia, septicemia, leukemia, uremia encephal o brain, inside the head encephalitis, electroencephalogram end o - inside, internal, within endaural, endocrine, endoskeleton enter o intestine enteric, dysentery, enterocele epi- outer, upon epidermis, epibulbar, epidural erythr o red erythrocyte, erythrosis, erythrocytopenia eu- normal, well, good euphoria, eupnea, eupepsia extra- outside, beyond extrauterine, extracystic, extrahepatic gastr o stomach gastrostomy, gastrointestinal, gastritis -genic producing, originating, forming pyogenic, carcinogenic, nephrogenic ger o old age geriatric, gerontology, geratology, geroderma gingiv o gum, gums gingivitis, gingivoplasty, gingivostomatitis gloss o tongue glossitis, glossal, hypoglossal, glossopathy gluc o sugar glucose, glucagon, glucosuria glyc o sugar, sweet hyperglycemia, glycosuria, glycogen -gram picture, graph, record encephalogram, cardiogram, cholecystogram -graph recording instrument polygraph, cardiograph, craniograph hemo-, hema- blood hemorrhage, hemoglobin, hemostasis, hemal hemat o blood hematoma, hematemesis, hematogenous hemi- half hemiplegia, hemianalgesia, hemicrania hepat o liver hepatitis, hepatotoxic, hepatomegaly hidr o sweat, sweat glands hidradenoma, hidrosis, hidradenitis hist o tissue histogenesis, histamine, histology homo- same, alike, similar homologous, homosexual, homogeneous hydr water hydration, dehydration, hydremia hydro- water, fluid, liquid hydrocephalus, hydronephrosis, hydrotherapy hyper- excessive, high, above, upward hypertension, hyperglycemia, hypertonic hypo- deficient, low, below, down, under hypoallergenic, hypocalcemia, hypodermic hyster o uterus, womb hysterotomy, hysteroscopy, hysterectomy -iasis condition of disease trichomoniasis, giardiasis, amebiasis immun o immune immunodeficiency, immunization, immunity infra- below, beneath inframammary, infracardiac, infrasonic, infrarenal inter- between, among intercostal, intercellular, intercerebral intra- within, inside intravenous, intramuscular, intrarenal, intradermal iso- equal, same isotonic, isometric, isomorphic -itis inflammation arthritis, colitis, rhinitis, bronchitis, laryngitis kerat o cornea keratitis, keratotomy, keratoplasty, keratocele lact o milk lactose, lactase, lactosuria, lactic laryng o larynx, voice box laryngitis, laryngospasm, laryngoscope leuk o white leukemia, leukopenia, leukorrhea, leukocyte lingu tongue sublingual, linguiform, lingual lip o fat lipid, lipoprotein, liposuction, lipoma lith o stone, calculus nephrolithiasis, lithotripsy, urolith -logist one who studies or specializes cardiologist, anesthesiologist, urologist -logy the study of biology, gynecology, dermatology -lysis breakdown, destruction, dissolution neurolysis, urinalysis, histolysis, thrombolysis macro- large macrocyte, macromania, macromolecule mal- bad, abnormal, inadequate malnutrition, malpractice, malformed -malacia soft, softening, softness encephalomalacia, osteomalacia, chondromalacia mamm- breast, mammary gland mammogram, mammography, mammaplasty megalo- large, enlarged, grandiose megalomania, megalocephaly, megalocyte -megaly enlargement cardiomegaly, acromegaly, hepatomegaly melan o dark pigmented, black melanoma, melanoderma, melanogenesis men o menstruation, menses menopause, dysmenorrhea, menorrhagia mening o meninges meningitis, meningococcus, meningeal -metry process of measuring or counting audiometry, pelvimetry, biometry, fetometry micro- small microscope, microgram, microorganism my o muscle myocardial, myalgia, myofibroma, fibromyalgia myc o fungus, fungi mycosis, mycelium, mycology, dermatomycosis myel o bone marrow, spinal cord myelopathy, myelocyte, myeloma nas o nose nasal, nasosinusitis, nasogastric -natal birth, infant prenatal, intranatal, neonatal, postnatal, perinatal nephr o kidney nephrectomy, nephropexy, nephrolysis neur o nerve neurology, neurosurgery, neurotransmitter non- not nonsteroidal, nonallergic, nontoxic odont tooth odontitis, odontology, orthodontist -oma tumor, abnormal growth carcinoma, osteosarcoma, adenoma onco- tumor oncology, oncogenic, oncogene, oncolysis onych- nail of the finger or toe onychectomy, onychauxis, onychodystrophy ophthalm o vision, eye ophthalmology, ophthalmoscope, ophthalmia -opia vision, eye myopia, presbyopia, nyctalopia, diplopia opt- vision, eye optician, optical, optometry, optokinetic orchi testes, testis cryptorchidism, orchiectomy, orchidopexy -osis condition, increase, disorder halitosis, leukocytosis, neurosis, acidosis oste o bone osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, osteoclast ot o ear otic, otitis, otalgia, otorrhea, otoplasty, otoscope -pathy disease, anomaly neuropathy, myopathy, osteopathy pelv i , pelv o pelvis pelvimetry, pelvic -penia deficiency, low number eosinopenia, thrombocytopenia, erythropenia -pepsia digestion dyspepsia, eupepsia peri- near, around, surrounding pericardium, periodontal, perineurium -pexy fixation hysteropexy, orchiopexy, gastropexy phag o eat, swallow, consume phagolysis, phagedena, phagocyte pharyng o pharynx pharyngitis, pharyngeal, pharyngoesophageal phleb o vein phlebitis, phlebotomy, phlebosclerosis -phobia fear of hydrophobia, acrophobia, necrophobia physi o body function, bodily process physiology, physiopathology, physique -plasia development, formation neoplasia, myelodysplasia, hyperplasia -plasty surgical repair or restoration arthroplasty, osteoplasty, rhinoplasty -plegia paralysis paraplegia, diplegia, hemiplegia, monoplegia -pnea breathing, breath apnea, hyperpnea, orthopnea pneum o air, lung pneumonia, pneumothorax, pneumonocentesis pod o foot podiatrist, podiatric, podalic, podagra poly- much, many, several, excessive polyuria, polycystic, polyarthritis, polymorphism post- after postnatal, postcoronary, postoperative pre- before, in front of, earlier than prenatal, preoperative, premature, preanal presby o old age presbyopia, presbycusis, presbyophrenia proct o anus, rectum proctitis, proctoscopy, proctology psych o mind, mental psychology, psychotropic, psychiatry -ptosis prolapse, sagging, sagged blepharoptosis, nephroptosis, proptosis pulmon- lung pulmonary, pulmonology, pulmonectomy py o pus pyorrhea, pyogenic, pyemia, empyema pyel o pelvis of kidney, renal pelvis pyelonephritis, pyelitis, pyeloplasty pyr-, pyro- fever, heat pyrogen, pyrolysis, pyrogenic radi o x-ray, radiation radiology, radiograph, radioactive, radiotherapy ren o kidney renogram, renal, renoprival retro- behind, backward, in back of retroocular, retrocolic, retroflexion, retrolental rhin o nose rhinorrhea, rhinitis, rhinoplasty -rrhagia excessive discharge or flow enterorrhagia, metrorrhagia, menorrhagia -rrhea excessive discharge or flow gonorrhea, diarrhea, leukorrhea salping o fallopian tube salpingitis, salpingostomy, salpingectomy scler o hard, hardening atherosclerosis, myelosclerosis, arteriosclerosis -scope instrument used to exam or look microscope, arthroscope, otoscope, anoscope -scopy examining, viewing arthroscopy, endoscopy, colposcopy, anoscopy -spasm involuntary contraction angiospasm, vasospasm, bronchospasm spondyl o spine, vertebra, vertebrae spondylosis, spondylopathy, spondylolysis -stomy surgical opening enterostomy, colostomy, gastrostomy sub- under, beneath, below sublingual, subcutaneous, subcostal tachy- fast, rapid tachypnea, tachycardia, tachyarrhythmia thorac o chest, thorax thoracotomy, thoracodorsal, thoracoscopy thromb o blood clot thrombosis, thrombogenic, thrombus thyr o thyroid thyroxine, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism -tomy incision, incise, to cut into gastrotomy, duodenotomy, laparotomy toxi- poison toxic, toxicology, toxicity trache- trachea, windpipe tracheitis, tracheoscopy, tracheostomy trans- across, over, through, transfer transdermal, transfusion, transthoracic, transurethral -trophy growth, development hypertrophy, hypotrophy, dystrophy urethr o urethra urethritis, urethrotomy, urethroscope -uria urine pyuria, nocturia, polyuria, albuminuria vas o blood vessel, vas deferens vascular, vasospasm, vasectomy, vasodilator ven o vein venipuncture, venous, venopressor, intravenous prefix, root, suffix meaning example © 2006. It is made up of a network of lymphatic vessels that carry clear lymphatic fluid including the tonsils, spleen, and thymus.
After all, the Greeks were the founders of modern medicine. Nervous The nervous system is responsible for coordinating actions and transmitting signals to different locations around the body. Medical Terminology medical prefixes, roots, and suffixes Source: U. Afterward, take the quiz at the bottom of this page and see what you need to focus more on. Respiratory The respiratory system functions to take in oxygen from the environment and expound carbon dioxide, oxygenating the blood for circulation.
Its made up primarily of the nose, larynx, trachea, pharynx, lungs, and bronchi. Its purpose is to allow movement, maintain posture, and circulate blood throughout the body. Its primary purpose is to break down food into smaller components until they can be absorbed into the body, providing nutrients. It was thought in ancient times to be one of the misfortunes of love. . .
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