It was only during the medieval period under successive Muslim rulers that a more elaborate structure of governance was developed which was based on the principal of kingship or monarchy rule. The archeologist have found the remains of cities to be incredibly well planned out. Ancient China is separated from these other areas of civilization by vast deserts and high mountains. This is the main reason that China developed in a unique way. In 1980 and 1984, when elections were again held Congress I was again returned to power. The council met nightly in the council house which was the largest structure in the town.
License The public domain content above is from the. Rajas were princes or tribal chieftains. These officials took on a number of different record-keeping and bureaucratic duties, like recording census information and the incomes and expenditures of the forming governments. Unlike the Europeans, there was no king or prince who had coercive authority. Deliberately two major religious communities and small religious groups and religious minorities were made to bitterly fight with each other.
The king used to be updated about what is happening in his kingdom regularly by these spies who used to roam around in the kingdom in disguise. So far at the Centre the leadership has considerably checked factionalism, though not completely, but in the state this is playing its big role. In preparation India, leaders like Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Maulana Azad, Sardar Vallaabh Bhai Patel and Mohd. They called it aristocracy, the nobles or aristocrats were wealthy male land owners that decided to overthrow the king, then they were overthrown b … y a tyrant, then the tyrant was overthrown by the people, witch then became a direct democracy. Of all the European powers the British proved most strong and drove their competitors out of India.
Even India was immensely influenced by the social class division system. Although has not yielded proof of the identity of the Aryans, the evolution and spread of their culture across the Indo-Gangetic Plain is generally undisputed. The lower city, which was tightly packed with residential units, was also constructed on a grid pattern consisting of a number of blocks separated by major cross streets. Submitted by , published on 15 December 2011 under the following license:. The council did not pass laws or regulate conduct. These people were provided with very little or almost no rights and power of their own. Since ancient Roman times, scholars have debated about who these people were, where did they come from and what language did they speak? It was a feudal system and the society was a feudalistic society.
This obviated the need to elect a head of state and is still one of the main reasons why many modern systems of government continue to use this manner of establishing the Head of State today. Mauryan Trade The economy of the Mauryans was another big accomplishment. Sparta was admired for the stability of its government, and for its lack of corruption - at least as far as money is concerned. In 1984 Lok Sabha elections, a regional political party emerged an important opposition party, as against any national political party. Another well-known city is called Mohenjo-Daro. The discovery started with the excavation of Harappa by John Marshall in 1922.
Thus, leaders and the council could not force conformity on the people: they could only attempt to persuade everyone that certain actions would be for the common good. Their main cash crops were millet and rice. His son and successor, Bindusara, extended the Mauryan empire over virtually the entire subcontinent, giving rise to an imperial vision that was to dominate successive centuries of political aspirations. The Indo-Europeans first settled along the Indus River, in the same place where the Indus Valley people had lived. It says, no matter how gruesome and treacherous, the method, it has to be practical, with due consideration to costs and possible effects. Historians estimate Ancient India to be the biggest of all four early civilizations.
On the whole, the Gupta dynasty, for its longer duration than many other dynasties in history, served India better by giving her administrative continuity and stability. There were four castes, but there was another group below the four castes known as Dalits or Untouchables. . The geography of ancient India was a little different than what is to this day. Brahmana occupied the highest place in this hierarchy because they hold the religious scripts and hence, had the authority to influence socio-political life of the people. There was a highly centralized and hierarchical government with a large staff, which regulated tax collection, trade and commerce, industrial arts, mining, vital statistics, welfare of foreigners, maintenance of public places including markets and temples, and prostitutes. External trade and commerce also grew manifold when the Guptas conquered the western territories and extended their sway to the Arabian seacoast.
Shudras This was the lowest class of the ancient Indian social hierarchy. One reason the Indus Valley civilization is so mysterious is because historians have not been able to translate their complicated written language called Indus Script. Kautilya Chanakya in his book Arthashasrta addressed the Emperor and presented principals to rule. Most of India was still divided into small kingdoms. Caste in Indian political system is playing a big role.